Welcome to Australia
On this country page
National flag, National Anthem, Population, Identity, Capital, Helplines, Independence day, Currency, Languages, Governments, Law ministry, Police, Political parties, Funding Agencies, Philanthropists, Media, Greats like Nobel Laureates, World Heritage Sites, Tourism, Ashoka Fellows, Interesting facts
Flag, National anthem

Australasia continent

Australia National Anthem
English Translation
Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are young and free;
We've golden soil and wealth for toil;
Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in nature's gifts
Of beauty rich and rare;
In history's page, let every stage
Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.

Beneath our radiant Southern Cross
We'll toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours
Renowned of all the lands;
For those who've come across the seas
We've boundless plains to share;
With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.


Population, Identity, Capital, Independence day, Helplines

See latest population


Independence Day
1 January 1901

National holiday : Australia Day, 26 January

Mobile phones - 112 or 000
Police - 000
Ambulance - 000
Fire - 000
All emergencies - 000
All emergencies (mobiles only) - 112
State Emergency Service – 132 500
National relay service - 106
Non-emergency police – 131 444
Crime Stoppers – 1 800 333 000
Threats to national security – 1 800 123 400

Australian Dollar

Emergency numbers
112 on cell phone

English 72.7%
Mandarin 2.5%
Arabic 1.4%
Cantonese 1.2%
Vietnamese 1.2%
Italian 1.2%
Greek 1%
Other 14.8%
Unspecified 6.5%

In 1985, there was a failed proposal to create an Australia Card. In 2006 the Australian Government announced the introduction of a non-compulsory Access Card that would act as a gateway to services administered by The Department of Human Services. This project, however, was terminated in November 2007. Class A identification documents in most Australian states include State government, Australian Passport (issued by the Federal government), foreign passport, or Residency/Citizenship documents (issued by the Federal government).

Government, Law ministry, Police

Australia Government
Attorney General Department

Australia Police
Agency overview : Formed 1979; 39 years ago
Preceding agencies : Commonwealth Police
Australian Capital Territory Police / Australian Protective Service / Federal Bureau of Narcotics
Volunteers : Small numbers for non-operations related activity.
Legal personality : Governmental Government agency

Operational structure : Headquarters Edmund Barton Building, Canberra
Sworn members : 2,855 (30 June 2008)
Unsworn members : 2,402 (30 June 2008)
Minister responsible : Minister for Home Affairs
Agency executive : Commissioner
Functions : 9 / Offices : 9

Website : https://www.afp.gov.au

For detailed and more information, see the source


Political parties

Australia Political parties
21st Century Australia Party
Founded : 2013
Website : http://www.21stcenturyaustralia.com.au/

Australian Defence Veterans Party
Founded : 26 January 2014
Website : http://www.advp.org.au/

Australia First Party
Founded : June 1996
Website : http://australiafirstparty.net/

Australian Christians
Founded : 2011
Website : http://australianchristians.com.au/

Australian Country Party
Founded : 2004
Website : http://countryparty.org.au/

Australian Cyclists Party
Founded : 2013
Website : https://australian-cyclists-party.org/

Democratic Labour Party (Australia)
Founded : 1978
Website : http://www.dlp.org.au/

Australian Equality Party
Founded : 2014
Website : http://www.equality.org.au/

Australian Labor Party
Founded : 8 May 1901
Website : www.alp.org.au

Citizens Electoral Council
Founded : 1988
Website : cecaust.com.au

Australian Greens
Founded 1992
Website : www.greens.org.au

Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)
Founded : 2001
Website : http://www.ldp.org.au/

Sustainable Australia
Founded : 2010
Website : http://www.votesustainable.org.au/

Derryn Hinch's Justice Party
Founded : 12 October 2015
Website : http://justiceparty.com.au/

Family First Party
Founded : 2001
Website : http://www.familyfirst.org.au/

Jacqui Lambie Network
Founded : 2015
Website : http://lambienetwork.com.au/

Katter's Australian Party
Founded : 27 September 2011
Website : http://ausparty.org.au/

Nick Xenophon Team
Founded : 1 July 2013
Website : https://nxt.org.au/

Pauline Hanson's One Nation
Founded : 11 April 1997
Website : http://www.onenation.com.au/

Funding Agencies
Age, The (Melbourne)
If any Nobel Laureates, Olympic winners, World Heritage sites, Tourism Agencies, Ashoka Fellows

Nobel Laureates
Barry J . Marshall
Brian P . Schmidt
Elizabeth Blackburn *
J . Robin Warren
John Warcup Cornforth *
Patrick White
Peter C . Doherty
Rolf M . Zinkernagel
Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet
Sir Howard Walter Florey
Sir John Carew Eccles
William Lawrence Bragg

Olympic Winners (2020)
Ariarne Titmus
Canoeing Men's sprint K-2 1000 m
Emma McKeon
Jessica Fox
Kaylee McKeown
Logan Martin
Matthew Wearn
Rowing Men's coxless four
Rowing Women's coxless four
Sailing Men's 470
Skateboarding Men's park
Swimming Women's 200 m freestyle
Swimming Women's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay
Swimming Women's 4 × 100 m medley relay
Zac Stubblety-Cook

Interesting facts
There are three times as many sheep than people living in Australia

Tasmanian Devils have the strongest bite per body size of any mammal

Voting in elections in Australia is compulsory (you don't have a choice) for everyone 18 years of age and over, with an initial fine of $72 issued for non-voters.

Despite this, only around 81% of eligible Aussie voters cast their vote

The legal drinking age in Australia is 18 years old

Only licensed electricians are legally allowed to change a lightbulb in Australia

Australia's first police force was made up of 12 convicts who were judged to be the best behaved

Over 25% of Australia's residents were born overseas as of 2012 – a number that is expected to increase rapidly

Someone from Sydney is typically referred to as a Sydney-sider

Those from Queensland are nicknamed Banana Benders

The average Australian will eat the equivalent of 18 full cows and 90 full sheep in his or her lifetime

Australians generally use British English for the majority of language, with 'colour' and similar words spelled with a 'u', while words such as 'specialised' use an 's' as opposed to a 'z'

Australia is the driest of any continent on earth other than Antarctica

Australia is home to the world's largest cattle ranch – which is bigger than the entire country of Belgium

Australian Rules Football (also called Aussie Rules) was originally created for cricket players to play in their off season. It is now one of the most popular sports in the country.

Over 80% of Aussies engage in some form of gambling

Melbourne has the largest public tram system in the world