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Herpes simplex virus

Key facts

  • The herpes simplex virus, or herpes, is categorized into 2 types: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2).
  • HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral-to-oral contact to cause oral herpes (which can include symptoms known as “cold sores”), but can also cause genital herpes.
  • HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted infection that causes genital herpes.
  • Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are lifelong.
  • An estimated 3.7 billion people under age 50 (67%) have HSV-1 infection globally.
  • An estimated 417 million people aged 15-49 (11%) worldwide have HSV-2 infection.
  • Most oral and genital herpes infections are asymptomatic.
    Symptoms of herpes include painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection.
  • Herpes infections are most contagious when symptoms are present but can still be transmitted to others in the absence of symptoms.
  • Infection with HSV-2 increases the risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection.

Introduction

Infection with the herpes simplex virus, commonly known as herpes, can be due to either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral to oral contact to cause infection in or around the mouth (oral herpes). HSV-2 is almost exclusively sexually transmitted, causing infection in the genital or anal area (genital herpes). However, HSV-1 can also be transmitted to the genital area through oral-genital contact to cause genital herpes.

Both oral herpes infections and genital herpes infections are mostly asymptomatic but can cause mild symptoms or painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection.
Source

Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), are two members of the herpes virus family.

Herpes virus, generally infect humans . It clears up without treatment within 7-10 days. The herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) is usually responsible for cold sores.

In rare cases, cold sores can also be caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). This can be a result of having oral sex with someone who has genital herpes. The herpes simplex virus, is highly contagious and can be easily passed from person to person by close direct contact. After someone has contracted the virus, it remains dormant (inactive) for most of the time. Although the virus can be activated by certain triggers, resulting in an outbreak of cold sores. These triggers vary from person to person but can include fatigue, an injury to the affected area.
Source

Video links

You Should Know - Herpes

Herpes (oral & genital) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Herpes Symptoms In Men

Diagnosed With Herpes? 3 Things You Should Remember!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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