Untitled Document
5 October


456 – The Visigoths under king Theodoric II, acting on orders of the Roman emperor Avitus, invade Spain with an army of Burgundians, Franks and Goths, led by the kings Chilperic I and Gondioc. They defeat the Suebi under king Rechiar on the river Urbicus near Astorga (Gallaecia).
610 – Coronation of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius.
869 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about patriarch Photius of Constantinople.
1143 – King Alfonso VII of León recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
1450 – Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria.
1550 – Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.
1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1665 – The University of Kiel is founded.
1789 – French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.
1793 – French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
1813 – Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British.
1857 – The City of Anaheim is founded.
1864 – The Indian city of Calcutta is almost totally destroyed by a cyclone; 60,000 die.
1869 – The Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
1877 – Chief Joseph surrenders his Nez Perce band to General Nelson A. Miles.
1895 – The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
1903 – Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.
1905 – Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
1910 – In a revolution in Portugal the monarchy is overthrown and a republic is declared .
1914 – World War I: first aerial combat resulting in an intentional fatality.
1915 – Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
1921 – Baseball: The World Series is broadcast on the radio for the first time.
1930 – British Airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
1936 – The Jarrow March sets off for London.
1943 – 98 American POW's executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
1944 – Royal Canadian Air Force pilots shoot down the first German jet fighter over France.
1944 – Suffrage is extended to women in France.
1945 – Hollywood Black Friday: A six-month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.
1947 – The first televised White House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
1948 – The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 110,000.
1953 – The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
1955 – Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in Anaheim, California.
1962 – Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series, is released.
1966 – Near Detroit, Michigan, there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
1968 – Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland – considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles.
1969 – The first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC.
1970 – The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.
1970 – Montreal, Quebec: British Trade Commissioner James Cross is kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group, triggering the October Crisis.
1973 – Signature of the European Patent Convention.
1974 – Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill four British soldiers and one civilian.
1982 – Chicago Tylenol murders: Johnson & Johnson initiates a nationwide product recall in the United States for all products in its Tylenol brand after several bottles in Chicago are found to have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
1984 – Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.
1986 – Israeli secret nuclear weapons are revealed. The British newspaper The Sunday Times runs Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed — the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal".
1988 – The Chilean opposition coalition Concertación (center-left) defeats Augusto Pinochet in his re-election attempt and a general election is called the following year.
1988 – The Brazilian Constitution is ratified by Constituent Assembly.
1990 – After one hundred and fifty years The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.
1991 – An Indonesian military transport crashes after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.
1991 – The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.
1999 – The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
2000 – Mass demonstrations in Belgrade lead to resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the Bulldozer Revolution.

Holidays and observances

Armed Forces Day (Indonesia)
Christian Feast Day:
Faustyna Kowalska
Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos (Roman Catholic Church)
Hor and Susia (Coptic Church)
Placid and Maurus
Placidus (martyr)
October 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Constitution Day (Vanuatu)
One of the three Mundus patet (Roman Empire)
Republic Day (Portugal)
Stara Zagora (Bulgaria)
Teacher's Day (Pakistan)
World Teachers' Day (International)






For details, contact Datacentre


UN Day
World Teachers’ Day

World Cerebral Palsy Day
World Cerebral Palsy Day is observed annually on the first Wednesday of October. Managed by a group of nonprofit Cerebral Palsy (CP) organizations called the World Cerebral Palsy Initiative, the day raises awareness about CP and brings attention to the specific needs of those living with this complex physical condition.

Birthday Philanthropists