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Discoveries and inventions (Scientists)

Discovery or Invention followed by related scientist

Adding Machine : Pascal

Aeroplane : Wright brothers

Air Brake : George Westinghouse

Air Pump : Otto von Guericke

Airship (rigid) : G. Ferdinand Von Zeppelin

Aniline Dyes : Hoffman

Antiseptic Surgery : Lord Joseph Lister

Arc Lamp : C. F. Brush

Archimedean Screw : Archimedies

Atom : Neils Bohr

Atomic Number : Mosley

Atomic Physics : Enrico Fermi

Atomic Structure : Bohr and Rutherford

Atomic Theory : Dalton

Automatic gearbox : Hermann Fottinger

Automobile : Daimler

Automobiles using gasoline : Karl Benz

Avogadro’s Hypothesis : Avogadro

Bacteriology : Robert Koch

Bacteriophage : Max Delbruck

Bakelite : Leo H Baekeland

Balloon : Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier

Ball-Point Pen : John J. Loud

Barometer : Evangelista Torricelli

Behaviorism : B. F. Skinner

Beriberi : Eijkman

Bicycle : Kirkpatrick Macmillan

Bicycle Tyre : J. B. Dunlop

Bifocal Lens : Benjamin Franklin

Binomial Nomenclature : Carl Linnaeus

Biogenetic Principle : Ernst Haeckel

Bismuth : Valentine

Blood Circulation : Harvey

Blood Groups : Karl Landsteiner

Bomb : Edward Teller

Boson S. N. Bose

Boyle’s law : Boyle

Braille : Louis Braille

Breaking up the Nucleus of an atom : Rutherford

Calculating machine : Pascal

Camera : George Eastman

Carburetor : Gottlieb Daimler

Cash register : William Burroughs

Cell Doctrine : Rudolf Virchow

Celluloid : A. Parker

Cement : Joseph Aspdin

Cenema : A. L. and J. L. Lumiere

Centrigrade scale : A. Celsius

Chemical Structure : August Kekule

Chemotherapy : Paul Ehrlich

Child Development : Jean Piaget

Chloroform : James Harrison & James Young Simpson

Cholera : Bacillus Robert Koch

Chromosomal : Theory of Heredity Thomas Hunt Morgan

Chronometer : John Harrison

Cine camera : Friese-Greene

Cinematograph : Thomas Alva Edison

Cinematography : Thomas Alva Edison

Circulation of the Blood : William Harvey

Classical Field Theory : Michael Faraday

Clock (machanical) : Hsing and Ling-Tsan

Clock (pendulum) : C. Hugyens

Coloured Photography : Lippman

Computer : Charles Babbage

Continental Drift : Alfred Wegener

Cosmic Rays : R. A. Millikan

Crescograph : J.C.Bose

Crystal Dynamics : C.V.Raman

Cyclotron : Lawrence

D.D.T. : Dr.Paul Muller

Deciphering the genetic code : Dr.Hargobiad Khorana

Deuterium (Heavy Water) : H.C.Urey

Diesel Engine : Rudolf Diesel

Difference engine : Charles Babbage

Drinker’s Chamber of Iron Lung : Dr.Philip Drinker

Dynamical theory of Heat : Lord Kelvin

Dynamite : Alfred B. Nobel

Dynamo : Michael Faraday

Effect of Pressure on trough bodies : Meghnad Saha

Eightfold Way : Murray Gell-Mann

Electric Battery : Alessandro Volta

Electric Flat : Iron H. W. Seeley

Electric Furnace : William Siemens

Electric Generator : Michael Faraday

Electric guitar : Adolph Rickenbacker

Electric iron : H.W. Seeley

Electric Lamp : Thomas Alva Edison

Electric Measurement : Gauss

Electric Motor (AC) : Nikola Tesla

Electric razor : Jacob Schick

Electrical Waves : Heitz

Electricity : Faraday

Electromagnet : William Sturgeon

Electromagnetic : Field James Clerk Maxwell

Electromagnetic : Theory Maxwell

Electron : Joseph J. Thomson

Electron : Theory Bohr

Electronic (Computer) : Dr. Alan M. Turing

Electrons : J.J.Thomson

Elevator : Elisha G. Otis

Energy of the Sun : Hans Bethe

Equal sign (=) : Robert Recorde

Ethology : Konrad Lorenz

Eugenics : Francis Galton

Evolution (theory) : Charles Darwin

Evolution : Charles Darwin

Evolutionary : Theory Ernst Mayr

Fahrenheit Scale : Fahrenheit

Film & Photographic goods : Kodak

Film (with sound) : Dr. Lee de Forest

Foundations of Biology : Jean Baptiste Lamarck

Foundations of Mathematics : Euclid

Founding of Modern Physiology : Claude Bernard

Founding of Psychology : Wilhelm Wundt

Fountain Pen : Lewis E. Waterman

Fundamental Laws of Electric : Attraction Coulomb

Galvanometer : Andre-Marie Ampere

Gas lighting : William Murdoch

Gasoline engine : Karl Benz

Genetic Code : Frederick Sanger

Geometry : Euclid

Germ Theory of Disease : Louis Pasteur

Glider : Sir George Caley

Gramophone : Thomas Alva Edison

Gun powder : Rogei Bacon

Heavens : William Herschel

Heavy Hydrogen : Urey

Helicopter : Broquett

Heliocentric Universe : Nicolaus Copernicus

Helium Gas : Lockyer

Homoeopathy : Hahnemann

Hovercraft : Christopher Cockerell

Human Sexuality : Alfred Kinsey

Hydrogen : Cavendish

Hydrophobia : Louis Pasteur

I.Q. Test : Alfred Binet

In Number Theory : Ramanujam

Incandescent Bulb : Edison

Induction Coil : Rohm Korff

Induction of Electric Current : Faraday

Insulin : F.Banting

Intelligence test : Binet

Internal Combustion : Engine Otto

Jeans : Levi Strauss

Jet Engine : Sir Frank Whittle

Jet Propulsion : Frank Whittle

Kala-azar Fever : U.N.Brahmachari

Kaleidoscope : David Brewster

Laboratory Gas Burner : Robert Wilhelm Von Bunsen

Laughing Gas : Priestley

Law of Electrolysis : Faraday

Law of gases : Gay Lussac

Laws of Electrical Resistance : Ohm

Laws of Gravitation : Newton

Laws of Heredity Gregory : Mandel

Laws of Inheritance Gregor : Mendel

Laws of Motion : Newton

Laws of Multiple Proportion : Dalton

Laws of Natural Selections : Darwin

Laws of Planetary : Motion Kepler

Life Boat Henry : Great Head

Lift (Elevators) : Otis

Lift : E.G. Otis

Lightning Conductor : Benjamin Franklin

Line of demarcation (ship) Plimsoll

Linotype Mergenthaler

Liquid Oxygen : Dewar

Locomotive : Richard Trevithick

Logarithmic tables : John Napier

Logarithms : John Napier

Machine Gun : Dr. Richard Gatling

Malarial Parasite : Ronald Ross
Match (safety) : J.E. Lurdstrom
Mathematical Astro Physics : Chandrasekhar
Mathematical Genius : Carl Gauss (Karl Friedrich Gauss)
Mauve : dye Perkin
Measurement of Electrical Energy Joule : James Prescoft
Mechanical Equivalent of Heat : Joules
Mercury Thermometer : Fahrenheit
Meson Hideki : Yakawa Microphone : Johann Phillip Reis, Alexander Graham Bell, Elisha Gray, Amos E. Dolbear, and Thomas Edison
Microscopic Anatomy : Marcello Malpighi
Modern Anthropology : Franz Boas
Modern Astronomy : Arthur Eddington
Modern Computer : John von Neumann
Modern Geology : Charles Lyell
Modern Physiology : William Bayliss
Modern Synthesis : Theodosius Dobzhansky
Modern Telescope : Edwin Hubble
Molecular Biology : Francis Crick
Molecular Scattering of light in fluid : Ramanathan
Montessori Method : Maria Montessori
Motion of the Planets : Johannes Kepler
Motor Car (petrol) : Karl Butler
Movie Projector : Thomas Alva Edison
Neon Gas : Ramsay Travers
Neon-lamp : G. Claude
Neurophysiology : Charles Sherrington
Neutron : Chadwick
New Anatomy : Andreas Vesalius
New Astronomy : Tycho Brahe
New Science : Galileo Galilei
Newtonian Mechanics : Pierre Simon de Laplace
Newtonian Revolution : Isaac Newton
North Pole : Robert Peary (1909)
Nuclear Fission : Otto Hahn, Bohr and Fermi
Nylon : Dr. Wallace H. Carothers
Nylon : Plastic Carothers
Organic Chemistry : Emil Fischer
Origin of Species : Charles Darwin
Oxygen : Priestly
Paints : Shalimar
Paper clip : Johann Vaaler
Parking meter : Carlton Mcgee
Penicillin : Alexander Fleming
Periodic Law : Mendeleef
Periodic Table of Elements : Dmitri Mendeleev
Pharmacology Gertrude : Belle Elion
Phonograph : Edison
Photograph : Dauguerre
Photography (paper) : W.H. Fox Tablot
Phototherapy : N.R.Finsen
Pneumatic Tyres : John Boyd Dunlop
Positive Electrons : Anderson
Power Loom : Edmund Cartwright
Powerloom : Cartwright
Principle for lever : (S.P.Gravity) Archimedes
Printing for the Blind : Braille
Printing Press : Johannes Gutenberg
Psycho-analysis : Dr.Sigmund Freud
Psychology of the Unconscious : Sigmund Freud
Quanta : Max Planck
Quantum Cosmology : Stephen Hawking
Quantum Electrodynamics : Richard Feynman
Quantum Mechanics : Max Born
Quantum Theory : Max plank
Quantum Theory : Werner Heisenberg
Raazor (safety) : K.G. Gillete
Rabies Vaccine : Louis Pasteur
Radar : Dr. A.H. Taylor and L.C. Young
Radio : G. Marconi
Radio transmitter : Alexanderson
Radioactive Dating : Willard Libby
Radioactivity : Marie Curie
Radio-activity of Uranium : Henry Becquerel
Radium : Madame Curie
Railway Engine : Stephenson
Raincoat : Charles Macintosh
Raman effect : C.V.Raman
Rare Gas : Cavandish
Rayon American : Viscose Co.
Razor (electric) : Col. J. Schick
Refrigerator : James Harrison, Alexander Catlin
Replacing human heart : Christian Barnard
Revolution in Chemistry : Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Revolver : Samuel Colt
Rise of German Science : Hermann von Helmholtz
Rubber (vulcanized) : Charles Goodyear
Rubber (waterproof) : Charles Macintosh
Safety lamp : Sir Humphrey Davy
Safety Pin : William Hurst
Safety Razor King : C. Gillette
Salk Vaccine : Salk
Saxophone : Antoine Joseph Sax
Scientific astronomy : Hippalus
Scientific Thinking : Lucretius
Scooter : G. Bradshaw
Seismograph : Roberts Mallet
Sewing Machine : Thomas Saint
Sextant : Hadley
Ship (steam) : J.C. Perier
Ship (turbine) : Sir Charles Parsons
Shorthand : Sir Isaac Pitman
Sociobiology : Edward O. Wilson
Solar System : Copernicus (1540)
South Pole : Amundson (1912)
Soviet Genetics : Trofim Lysenko
Space flying : Braun, Dr.Wernher Von
Specific Gravity : Archimedes
Spectroscope : Bunsen
Spectroscopy : Gustav Kirchhoff
Spinning frame : Sir Richard Arkwight
Spinning jenny : James Hargreaves
Stainless Steel : Harry Brearley
Steam boat : Fulton
Steam engine (condenser) : James Watt
Steam engine (piston) : Thomas Newcome
Steam Engine : James Watt
Steam Turbine : Parsons
Steel Melting Process : Bessemer
Steel production : Henry Bessemer
Stethoscope : Dr. William Stokes, Rene Laennec
Stress Concept : Hans Selye
Structural Anthropology : Claude Levi-Strauss
Structure of DNA : James Watson
Structure of the Atom : Ernest Rutherford
Submarine : David Bushnell
Sulpha Drugs : Domagk
Superconductivity : Heike Kamerlingh
Symbiosis Theory : Lynn Margulis
Symbol : William Oughtred
T.N.T. : llly Brandt
Talkies : Lee-de-Frost
Tank : Sir Ernest Swington
Telegraph : Samuel Morse
Telegraphic Code : Samuel Morse
Telephone : Sir Alexander Graham Bell
Telescope : Galileo
Television (mechanical) : John Logie Baird
Television : Baird
Tempo of Evolution : George Gaylord Simpson
Terylene : J. Whinfield and H. Dickson
The long playing microgroove record : Peter Goldmark
Theory of conditioned reflex : Pavlov
Theory of Evolution : Darwin
Theory of Relativity : Einstein
Theory of the Atom : John Dalton
Thermodynamics : Ludwig Boltzmann
Thermometer : Galileo Gallei
Thermos Flasks : Dewar
Tractor : J. Froelich
Transformer : Michael Faraday
Transistor : Bardeen, Shockley, Brattain
Typewriter : C. Sholes
Uranium fusion : Oho Hahn
Uranus (Planet) : Herschel William
Vaccination : Edward Jenner
Valve of radio : Sir J.A. Fleming
Vitamin A : Elmer V. McCollum & M. Davis
Vitamin B : Elmer V. McCollum
Vitamin B1 : Casimir Funk
Vitamin B2 : D. T. Smith, E. G. Hendrick
Vitamin B6 : Paul Gyorgy
Vitamin C : James Lind
Vitamin D : Edward Mellanby
Vitamin E : Herbert Evans & Katherine Bishop
Vitamin Folic acid : Lucy Wills
Vitamin Niacin : Conrad Elvehjem
Vitamins : Hopkins and Funk
Vulcanised Rubber : Charles Goodyear
Washing Soda : Lablanc
Watch : A.L. Breguet
Waterproof Rubber : Charles Macintosh
Wave Mechanics : Erwin Schrodinger
Wave Theory of Light : Christiaan Huygens
Wave/Particle : Duality Louis Victor de Broglie
West Indies : Columbus (1492)
Wireless Communication : Oliver Lodge
Wireless Telegraphy : Marcony
World Wide : Web and Hypertext Markup Language Tim Berners Lee
X - Rays : Roentgen
X-Ray : Crystallography Max von Laue
X-Ray : Wilhelm Reontgen
Zerox machine : Chester Carlson
Zip fastener : W. L. Judson
Zipper : B. F. Goodrich