Nobel Laureates 
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Nobel Laureates

Argentina

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Bulgaria

Canada


Chile

China

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Congo

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Timor-Leste

Trinidad And Tobago

Tunisia

Turkey

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United Kingdom

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Island
Faroe Islands

Not covered
Palestein

Nobel Laureates (Important things to know)

CSRidentity.com shares Nobel Laureates on the index page of the country they are born as well as country of which they are citizen of. We know Nobel Prize is given for “the greatest benefit to humankind”
But we also know that they make their country proud.

Between 1901 and 2020, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 603 times to 962 people and organisations. The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden, and based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and entrepreneur. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a cash award.

A person or organisation awarded the Nobel Prize is called Nobel Laureate. The word “laureate” refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honour.

Nobel prizes categories
Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, Economic Sciences

The prize amount
The current amount is at SEK 10 million per full Nobel Prize. A Nobel Prize can be awarded to up to three Laureates who share the prize sum.

Years without Nobel Prizes
Since the start, in 1901, there are some years when the Nobel Prizes have not been awarded. The total number of times are 49. Most of them during World War I (1914-1918) and II (1939-1945). In the statutes of the Nobel Foundation it says: “If none of the works under consideration is found to be of the importance indicated in the first paragraph, the prize money shall be reserved until the following year. If, even then, the prize cannot be awarded, the amount shall be added to the Foundation’s restricted funds.”.

Physics: 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941, 1942

Chemistry: 1916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1933, 1940, 1941, 1942

Medicine: 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1921, 1925, 1940, 1941, 1942

Literature: 1914, 1918, 1935, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943

Peace: 1914, 1915, 1916, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1948, 1955, 1956, 1966, 1967, 1972


Two Nobel Laureates declined the prize

Jean-Paul Sartre, 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature
Le Duc Tho, 1973 Nobel Peace Prize
We are not mentioning the country

Forced to decline the Nobel Prize
Adolf Butenandt
Boris Pasternak
Gerhard Domagk
Richard Kuhn
We are not mentioning the country

Nobel Laureates under arrest at the time of the award
Carl von Ossietzky
Aung San Suu Kyi
Liu Xiaobo
We are not mentioning the country

Multiple Nobel Laureates
The work of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been honoured by a Nobel Peace Prize three times. Besides, the founder of the ICRC, Henry Dunant, was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901.

Linus Pauling is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes – the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize.

J. Bardeen : Physics 1956, Physics 1972

M. Curie : Physics 1903, Chemistry 1911

L. Pauling : Chemistry 1954, Peace 1962

F. Sanger
Chemistry 1958
Chemistry 1980

ICRC
Peace 1917
Peace 1944
Peace 1963

UNHCR
Peace 1954
Peace 1981

Posthumous Nobel Prizes
From 1974, the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation stipulate that a Prize cannot be awarded posthumously, unless death has occurred after the announcement of the Nobel Prize. Before 1974, the Nobel Prize has only been awarded posthumously twice: to Dag Hammarskjöld (Nobel Peace Prize 1961) and Erik Axel Karlfeldt (Nobel Prize in Literature 1931).

Following the 2011 announcement of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, it was discovered that one of the Medicine Laureates, Ralph Steinman, had passed away three days earlier. The Board of the Nobel Foundation examined the statutes, and an interpretation of the purpose of the rule above led to the conclusion that Ralph Steinman should continue to remain a Nobel Laureate, as the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet had announced the 2011 Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine without knowing of his death.


Married couples (at the time of the award)
Marie Curie, Pierre Curie
Irène Joliot-Curie, Frédéric Joliot
Gerty Cori, Carl Cori
May-Britt Moser, Edvard I. Moser
Alva Myrdal, Gunnar Myrdal
Esther Duflo, Abhijit Banerjee

Mother & daughter
Marie Curie, Irène Joliot-Curie

Father & daughter
Pierre Curie, Irène Joliot-Curie

Father & son
William Bragg, Lawrence Bragg
Niels Bohr, Aage N. Bohr
Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Ulf von Euler
Arthur Kornberg, Roger D. Kornberg
Manne Siegbahn, Kai M. Siegbahn
J. J. Thomson, George Paget Thomson

Brothers
Jan Tinbergen, Nikolaas Tinbergen

The Nobel Prize insignias
At the Nobel Prize Award Ceremonies on 10 December the Nobel Laureates receive three things: a Nobel diploma, a Nobel Medal and a document confirming the Nobel Prize amount. Each Nobel diploma is a unique work of art, created by foremost Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers. The Nobel Medals are handmade with careful precision and in 18 carat recycled gold.

The Nobel Medals in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature are identical on the face: it shows the image of Alfred Nobel and the years of his birth and death (1833-1896). Nobel’s portrait also appears on the Nobel Peace Prize Medal and the Medal for the Prize in Economic Sciences, but with a slightly different design. The image on the reverse varies according to the institution awarding the prize.

Alfred Nobel’s will
On November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his third and last will at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Nobel had left much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize. His family opposed the establishment of the Nobel Prize, and the prize awarders he named refused to do what he had requested in his will. It was five years before the first Nobel Prize could be awarded in 1901.
Read his WILL
Ragnar Sohlman – Executor of the will

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