Physical Disability

Developing a Clinical Outcome Measure for Women’s Health and Disability
This project, funded by the National Institutes of Health, is developing the first patient reported outcome that is exclusively focused on the health of women with physical disabilities. A patient reported outcome is information directly from the person themselves about a health problem or other situation. They are being used more and more in healthcare in addition to evaluation by a healthcare provider.

Acquiring the Skill of Identifying Fractions through the Virtual-Abstract Framework
Fractions are an important component of mathematics instruction, with implications for both academics and daily living. Yet, more research is needed regarding fraction instruction for students with disabilities, including those with developmental disabilities.

Preference for Food and Non-food Items of Known Reinforcing Values in People with Developmental Disabilities
When presenting reinforcers to individuals with developmental disabilities, many researchers use food. However, there may be other types of reinforcers which may be equally or more effective. Although preference assessment methods have been well-researched, one area that has not yet been resolved is whether food reinforcers are always more preferred than non-food reinforcers, when both are presented in the same assessment.

Educating Children with Physical Disabilities
Physical disabilities can affect a person’s ability to move about, to use arms and legs effectively, to swallow food, and to breathe unaided (Black and Pretes, 2007; Hardman et al., 1999). Such limitations may also be evident in other areas such as vision, cognition, speech, language, hearing, and bowel movement.

Physical Fitness

Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities. Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise, and sufficient rest.

Before the industrial revolution, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry out the day's activities without undue fatigue or lethargy. However, with automation and changes in lifestyles physical fitness is now considered a measure of the body's ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations.
Read More