Welcome to Afghanistan

Asia continent

Afghanistan Government

Ministry of Justice

UN Mission
Permanent Mission of Afghanistan
to the United Nations
633 Third Avenue, 27th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Telephone : 212-972-1212

 Latest population


Independence day
August 19 1919


You must see

Corporates in the country

NGOs in the country

Social issues in the country and the world

For details, contact Datacentre


Afghanistan Times Daily
Bakhtar News Agency
Daily Annis Daily Cheragh Eqtedaare Melli WeeklyKabul Weekly
Daily Outlook Afghanistan
Hamyanay Economic Daily
Khaama Press
Pajhwok Afghan News
Taglara Information & News Agency
Wakht News Agency
Wardak Weekly






National Anthem
Afghanistan National Anthem
English Translation
This land is Afghanistan,
it is the pride of every Afghan
The land of peace, the land of sword,
each of its sons is brave

This is the country of every tribe,
The land of Balochs and Uzbeks
Pashtuns and Hazaras,
Turkmens and Tajiks

With them, there are Arabs and Gujjars,
Pamiris, Nuristanis
Brahuis, and Qizilbash,
also Aimaqs and Pashais

This land will shine for ever,
like the sun in the blue sky
In the chest of Asia,
it will remain as heart for ever

We will follow the one God
We all say, andquot;Allah is the greatest!andquot;,
we all say, andquot;Allah is the greatest!andquot;,
we all say, andquot;Allah is the greatest!andquot;

Interesting facts

The people of Afghanistan are called Afghans and their currency is Afghanis. Most of the time, people get confused between the use of these two terms.

Agriculture is the main source of income for Afghans. Afghanistan is also rich in natural resources like natural gas and oil.

“Buzkashi” is Afghanistan’s national game. Players in two teams try to catch a goat while riding a horse. This game is being played for centuries and is a tough sport.

New Year is celebrated by Afghans on 21st March. They call it “Nawroz”. It is a pre-Islamic festival which is celebrated by a gathering of thousands of travelers from across Afghanistan to the city of Mazar-e-Sharif. There is a mosque in the center of the city. It is known as the Blue Mosque or ‘the Shrine of Hazrat Ali’ the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).

Mobile phone coverage is available in most of the country. Mobile phones are status symbols.

They celebrate poetry night on Thursdays in the western city of Herat. People of all age groups gather there to share modern and ancient verses of poetry and indulge in some nice food along with some sweet tea.

Arnold Schwarzenegger is the poster boy in many of the muscle building centers in Afghanistan. They say he (Arnold Schwarzenegger) looks like an Afghan.

Kandahar airfield was once the busiest single-runway airstrip in the world when it handled 1,700 to 5,000 flights a week. Here NATO installed its first complete air traffic capability in a non-NATO country.

The world’s first oil paintings were drawn in the caves of “Bamiyan” around 650BC.

Afghanistan was once the largest producer of cannabis.

Afghanistan is estimated to be inhabited by humans at least 50,000 years ago.

Ahmad Shah Durrani, also known as “the Father of the Nation”, is the founder of the last Afghan empire. He was crowned in 1747. He consolidated the country from principalities and fragmented provinces into one kingdom.

Afghanistan is also the land of many historical sites. Afghanistan’s location on the silk route gave it various economic and cultural advantages.

Afghanistan is considered as the place of origin of the religion Zoroastrianism.

Pashto, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan, was declared the national language of Afghanistan during the beginning of the reign of Zahir Shah.

Dari (Persian), the other official language was always used for government and business purposes.

Today, as Islam is a dominant religion in Afghanistan, the culture is heavily influenced by the religion of peace and monotheism.

In Afghanistan, most of the shops and businesses are closed on Friday, which is the Islamic holy day.

Fasting and praying during the month of Ramadan is a mandatory act except for a few such as foreigners, and those who are sick, traveling or having some other issues.

The family is an important aspect of Afghanistan’s culture. Men are laden with the responsibility to earn while women are expected to stay home and serve the family. However, in modern Afghanistan, you may also find some women working in the cities and earning a living for themselves and their families.

In most of the cases, the family lives together in the same house. Upon marriage, the son and his wife live separately in a different room in the house under the same roof.

Hospitality plays a significant role in the country’s culture and tradition. The visitors are treated with utmost respect and are offered the best that the household has.

Women are highly respected in the society and are not expected to mix with the members of the opposite sex, except out of marriage or direct family relations.

Women are also expected to wear clothes that honor their modesty and are not revealing. Tight clothes and western dresses are not much welcomed in the society, at least in the rural areas. Headscarves for women are advisable.

Direct eye contact between men and women is not considered acceptable and must be avoided.

Gifts are a means of strengthening the relationship between a visitor and his/her host. The visitors can carry a small gift for the host when invited for tea or food.

Afghanistan is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country.

A handshake is the most usual form of greeting in Afghanistan’s culture. Some people also place their hand on their heart and nod slightly to show respect and approval to the other party. However, shaking hands between the members of opposite sex is not usual and is avoided.

Food is generally served on the floor, on clothes made from various materials.

The host does their best to serve the best possible food, and special attention is paid to fill the visitor’s plate when it is empty.

Polygamy is permissible in Afghanistan however it is rare. Many of the marriages are consummated between cousins.

Marriages are three-day lavish ceremonies during which a marriage contract is signed and the couple is brought together.

Dari Persian and Pashto are official languages of Afghanistan.

Noshaq (7,492 meters or 24,580 ft) is the highest point in Afghanistan.

Helmand is the longest river in Afghanistan.

Afghan rugs are very popular around the world.

For details, contact Datacentre



Afghan Afghani

Emergency numbers
Local numbers only

Afghan Persian or Dari 77%
Pashto 48%
Uzbek 11%
English 6%
Turkemen 3%
Urdu 3%
Pahayi 1%
Nuvistami 1%
Arabic 1%
Balochi 1%
Note: shares sum to more than 100% because there is much bilingualism in the country and because respondents were allowed to select more than one language


Afghanistan Police
Agency overview : Formed 1747
Legal personality Governmental : Government agency

Operational structure
Headquarters : Kabul, Afghanistan
Agency executive : Minister of Interior Affairs

For detailed and more information, see the source

Afghanistan Political parties
Afghanistan United Nation Party

National United Party of Afghanistan
Founded 21 August 2003

Solidarity Party of Afghanistan
Founded 17 April 2004

Hizb ut-Tahrir
Founded 1953

Afghan Peace Movement

Islamic Party
Founded 1975

Republican Party of Afghanistan

Islamic Society
Founded 6 November 1999

Islamic Movement of Afghanistan
Founded 1978

Afghan Social Democratic Party
March, 1966

Islamic United Party of Afghanistan
Founded 1989

Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan
Founded 2005

National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan
Founded 1992

National Rescue Front

Afghan Liberal Party

Wadan Afghanistan Party

Minor parties
Afghanistan Welfare's Party (Hizb-e-Refah e Afghanistan)
Democratic Party of Afghanistan
Haqiqat e Afghan Association (Majma e Haqiqat e Afghan)
National Congress Party (Hezb-e-Congra-e-Mili Afghanistan)
National Islamic Front (Hezb-e-Mahaz-e-Mili Islami)
National Movement of Afghanistan (Hezb-e-Nuhzhat-e-Mili Afghanistan)
National Solidarity Movement (Hezb-e-Nahzat-e-Hambastagee Mili)
National Sovereignty Party (Hezb-e-Eqtedar-e-Mili)
National Islamic Unity Party (Hezb-e-Wahdat-e-Mili Islami)
National Solidarity Party (Hezb-e-Paiwand Mili)
Pashtoons Social Democratic Party (De Pashtano Tolaneez Wolaswaleez Gwand)
People's Islamist Movement (Harakat-e Islami-yi)
People's Party of Afghanistan (Hizb-e Mardum-e Afghanistan)
Progressive Democratic Party of Afghanistan
Truth and Justice
Unit Party
Youth Solidarity Party of Afghanistan (Hezb-e-Hambastagee Mili Jawanan) led by Doctor Fahim Tokhi
Afghan Liberal Party (Hizbe Azadikhwai Afghanistan)