31 January

January 31

Independence Day
Nauru : January 31 1968

January 31
Street Children‘s Day
2009 marked the 75th anniversary of the canonisation of John Bosco, the "Father and Teacher of Youth“. To mark the anniversary, Jugend Eine Welt launched „Street Children‘s Day“ the same year The "Street Children's Day" is commemorated every year on the January 31st and should highlight the situation of these children and young people and raise funds for projects run by the Salesians of Don Bosco and the Salesian Sisters of Don Bosco in favour of street children worldwide. A "Street Children‘s Day“ information package is sent to parishes, interested teachers and youth groups at the beginning of January. The package included material for a service for children, general background information on the subject of street children and suggestions for campaigns. This material is also available online (in German). Since the first Street Children's Day in 2009 it gained more and more attention in Austrian media, especially in 2011 when the auxiliary bishop of Vienna Franz Scharl cleaned shoes on the streets to commermorate the day.

Events January 31
1747 – The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
1915 – World War I: Germany uses poison gas against Russia
1945 – World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.
1946 – Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
1950 – US President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
1953 – A North Sea flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands.
1958 – Explorer program: Explorer 1 – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
1958 – James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
1961 – Project Mercury: Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
1966 – The Soviet Union launches the unmanned Luna 9 spacecraft as part of the Luna program.
1968 – Nauru gains independence from Australia.
1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.
1996 – Comet Hyakutake is discovered by Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.






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