3 February

February 3

Four Chaplains Day (United States)
Heroes' Day (Mozambique)
Martyrs' Day (São Tomé and Príncipe)
Setsubun (Japan)
Veterans' Day (Thailand)

1377 – More than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath).
1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1637 – Tulip mania collapses in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands) as sellers could no longer find buyers for their bulb contracts.
1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
1783 – American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
1830 – The sovereignty of Greece is confirmed in a London Protocol.
1931 – The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258.
1959 – A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson and the incident becomes known as The Day the Music Died.
1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
1995 – Astronaut Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to pilot the Space Shuttle as mission STS-63 gets underway from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
1996 – The Lijiang earthquake in Lijiang, Yunnan, China.






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