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Flag, National anthem, Population, Identity, Capital, Independence day, Helplines

Mexico National Anthem


Mexicanos, al grito de guerra
el acero aprestad y el bridón.
Y retiemble en sus centros la Tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón.
Y retiemble en sus centros la Tierra,
¡al sonoro rugir del cañón!


Mexicans, at the cry of war,
ready the steel and the bridle,
and the Earth trembles at its core
to the resounding roar of the cannon.
and the Earth trembles at its core
to the resounding roar of the cannon!


At the loud cry of war all assemble,
Then your swords and your steeds all prepare,
and the Earth to its center shall tremble
when the cannon's deep roar rends the air.
and the Earth to its center shall tremble
when the cannon's deep roar rends the air!


Ciña ¡oh Patria! tus sienes de oliva
de la paz el arcángel divino,
que en el cielo tu eterno destino
por el dedo de Dios se escribió.
Mas si osare un extraño enemigo
profanar con su planta tu suelo,
piensa ¡oh Patria querida! que el cielo
un soldado en cada hijo te dio.

1st stanza

Gird Oh Fatherland!, your temples of olive
by the peace of the divine archangel,
for in heaven is your eternal destiny
which was written by the finger of God.
If, however, a foreign enemy would dare
to profane Your ground with its sole,
think, Oh beloved Fatherland!, that Heaven
has given a soldier in every son.

1st stanza

Oh my country entwine on thy temples
boughs of olive so fresh and so vernal,
when inscribed in the heavens eternal
blessed peace for all the land thou dost see.
But if stranger and foe in their boldness
dare to tread on thy soil, they must perish,
then, oh my country, this thought only cherish
every son is but a soldier for thee.
Coro Chorus

Estrofa V

¡Guerra, guerra! sin tregua al que intente
De la patria manchar los blasones!
¡Guerra, guerra! Los patrios pendones
En las olas de sangre empapad.
¡Guerra, guerra! En el monte, en el valle
Los cañones horrísonos truenen,
Y los ecos sonoros resuenen
Con las voces de ¡Unión! ¡Libertad!

Stanza V

War, war! without quarter to any who dare
to tarnish the coats of arms of the country!
War, war! Let the national banners
be soaked in waves of blood.
War, war! In the mountain, in the valley,
let the cannons thunder in horrid unison
and may the sonorous echoes resound
with cries of Union! Liberty!


Estrofa VI

Antes, patria, que inermes tus hijos
Bajo el yugo su cuello dobleguen,
Tus campiñas con sangre se rieguen,
Sobre sangre se estampe su pie.
Y tus templos, palacios y torres
Se derrumben con hórrido estruendo,
Y sus ruinas existan diciendo:
De mil héroes la patria aquí fue.


Stanza VI

O, Fatherland, ere your children, defenseless
bend their neck beneath the yoke,
may your fields be watered with blood,
may their foot be printed in blood.
And may your temples, palaces and towers
collapse with horrid clamor,
and may their ruins continue on, saying:
Of one thousand heroes, here the Fatherland once was.


Estrofa X

¡Patria! ¡Patria! Tus hijos te juran
Exhalar en tus aras su aliento,
Si el clarín con su bélico acento
los convoca a lidiar con valor.
¡Para ti las guirnaldas de oliva!
¡Un recuerdo para ellos de gloria!
¡Un laurel para ti de victoria!
¡Un sepulcro para ellos de honor!


Stanza X

Fatherland! Fatherland! Your children swear to you
to breathe their last for your sake,
if the bugle with its bellicose accent
calls them together to battle with courage.
For you, the olive wreaths!
For them, a reminder of glory!
For you, a laurel of victory!
For them, a tomb of honor!

Latest population

Mexico City

Independence Day
September 16 1810

Mexican Peso

Emergency numbers
Ambulance: 065
Fire: 068
Police: 060

Spanish only 92.7%
Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%
Indigenous only 0.8%
Unspecified 0.8%

Government Ministries, Police

Mexico Government


Mexico Police - (Federal Police (Mexico)
Agency overview : Formed June 2, 1928
Preceding agencies : 1st Military Police Brigade, Mexican Army, Federal Highway Police (Policía Federal de Caminos), Fiscal Police (Policía Fiscal Federal),
Interior Secretariat's Investigation and National Security Center (Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional)
Legal personality : Governmental: Government agency

Operational structure
Headquarters : Mexico City
Agency executive : General Commissioner
Parent agency : Secretariat of the Interior

Website : http://mexicomaine.net/boards/mexico-police/

For detailed and more information, see the source

Political parties

Mexico Political parties
National parties

National Action Party (Mexico)
Founded : 16 September 1939
Website : http://www.pan.org.mx/

Institutional Revolutionary Party
Founded : by Plutarco Elías Calles March 4, 1929; 87 years ago as (PNR) / by Lázaro Cárdenas March 30, 1938; 78 years ago as (PRM) / by Manuel Ávila Camacho January 18, 1946; 70 years ago as (PRI)
Website : www.pri.org.mx

Party of the Democratic Revolution
Founded : 5 May 1989
Website : www.prd.org.mx

Labor Party (Mexico)
Founded : December 8, 1990
Website : http://www.partidodeltrabajo.org.mx

Ecologist Green Party of Mexico
Founded : May 14, 1993
Website : http://www.partidoverde.org.mx/

Citizens' Movement (Mexico)
Founded : August 1, 1998 (Convergence) / July 31, 2011 (Citizens' Movement)
Website : http://www.movimientociudadano.org.mx/

New Alliance Party (Mexico)
Founded : January 30, 2005
Website : www.nueva-alianza.org.mx

National Regeneration Movement
Founded : 2012 (as a non-profit organization) / 2014 (as a political party)
Website : www.morena.org

Humanist Party (Mexico)
Founded : 9 July 2014
Website : http://www.partidohumanista.org.mx/

Social Encounter Party
Founded : 30 October 2006 (regional) / 9 July 2014 (national)
Website : http://encuentro.social/

Other political parties

National Synarchist Union
Founded : 1937
Website : http://unionnacionalsinarquista.org/ / http://movimiento-sinarquista.blogspot.com

Socialist Convergence (Mexico)
Founded : 1996

Workers' Revolutionary Party (Mexico, 1999)

Local parties

Colima Democratic Association
Founded : 2002

Alliance for Yucatan Party
Founded : 1999

Progressive Party of Coahuila
Founded : 2011

Coahuila First (Primero Coahuila, Coahuila)

Social Democratic Party of Coahuila (Social Demócrata de Coahuila, Coahuila)

Interesting facts

If any Nobel Laureates, Scientists, Olympic winners, World Heritage sites, Tourism Agencies, Ashoka Fellows

Nobel Laureates
Alfonso García Robles
Mario José Molina Henríquez *
Octavio Paz

World Heritage sites
Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán
Historic Centre of Puebla
Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan
Sian Ka ' an
Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza
Historic Centre of Morelia
El Tajin , Pre - Hispanic City
Historic Centre of Zacatecas
Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco
Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl
Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro
Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal
Hospicio Cabañas , Guadalajara
Archaeological Zone of Paquimé , Casas Grandes
Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan
Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco
Historic Fortified Town of Campeche
Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul , Campeche
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro
Luis Barragán House and Studio
Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila
Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve
Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley : originary habitat of Mesoamerica


Key social issues

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