Welcome to Brazil
On this country page
National flag, National Anthem, Population, Identity, Capital, Helplines, Independence day, Currency, Languages, Governments, Law ministry, Police, Political parties, Funding Agencies, Philanthropists, Media, Greats like Nobel Laureates, World Heritage Sites, Tourism, Ashoka Fellows, Interesting facts
Flag, National anthem

Brazilian National Anthem
The placid banks of Ipiranga heard
the resounding cry of a heroic people
and in shining rays, the sun of liberty
shone in our homeland's skies at this very moment.
If the assurance of this equality
we achieved by our mighty arms,
in thy bosom, O freedom,
our chest shall defy death itself!
O beloved,
idolized homeland,
Hail, hail!
Brazil, an intense dream, a vivid ray
of love and hope descends to earth
if in thy lovely, smiling and clear skies
the image of the (Southern) Cross shines resplendently.
Giant by thine own nature,
thou art beautiful, thou art strong, an intrepid colossus,
and thy future mirrors thy greatness.
Beloved Land
amongst a thousand others
art thou, Brazil,
O beloved homeland!
To the sons of this land
thou art a gentle mother,
beloved homeland,
Eternally laid on a splendid cradle,
by the sound of the sea and the light of the deep sky,
thou shinest, O Brazil, finial of America,
illuminated by the sun of the New World!
Than the most elegant land abroad,
thy smiling, pretty prairies have more flowers
"Our meadows have more life",
"our life" in thy bosom "more love". (*)
O beloved,
idolized homeland,
Hail, hail!
Brazil, of eternal love be the symbol
the starred banner thou showest forth
and proclaim the laurel-green of thy pennant
'Peace in the future and glory in the past.'
But if thou raisest the strong gavel of Justice,
thou wilt see that a son of thine flees not from battle,
nor does he who loves thee fear his very own death.
Beloved Land,
amongst a thousand others
art thou, Brazil,
O beloved homeland!
To the sons of this land
thou art a gentle mother,
beloved homeland,


Population, Identity, Capital, Independence day, Helplines

See latest population


Independence Day
September 7 1822

Brazilian Real

Emergency numbers


Cédula de Identidade
Identity Card
Compulsory to be issued since the age of 18 (though it can be substituted by a series of equivalent documents, see below). It is usually issued, for civilians, by the secretariat of public security of each unit of the federation, but other – including the Armed Forces, the Police and some professional councils – can issue alternate identity cards, too. All must meet certain specifications – they are all coloured green – but each unit of the federation can include minor differences such as the numbering scheme, font, printed seal, and background pattern.
The card's front has the bearer's picture (with an electronic stamp on it) and right thumb print. It also includes either the bearer's signature or – if the bearer is illiterate – the phrase "cannot sign" (não assina) The verso has the unique number assigned the bearer (registro geral or RG), the bearer's full name, parents' names, birthplace (locality and federation unit), birth date, and CPF number. It may include some additional information. It is officially 102 × 68 mm, but lamination tends to make it slightly larger than the ISO/IEC 7810 ID-2 standard of 105 × 74 mm, so it is a tight fit in most wallets. A driver's licence has only recently been given the same legal status as the national identity card. In most situations, only a few other documents can be substituted for a national identity card: for example, identification documents issued by national councils of professionals.

Government, Law ministry, Police

Brazil Government

Ministry of Justice

Brazil Police
Agency overview : Formed March 28, 1944
Legal personality : Governmental Government agency

Operational structure
Headquarters : Setor de Autarquias Sul, Quadra 6, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil
Agency executive : Director General
Parent agency : Ministry of Justice
Units : 15

Website : http://www.pf.gov.br/

For detailed and more information, see the source


Political parties

Brazil Political parties
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
Founded : December 4, 1965
Website : pmdb.org.br

Workers' Party (Brazil)
Partido dos Trabalhadores
Founded : 1980
Website : www.pt.org.br

Brazilian Social Democracy Party
Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira
Founded : June 25, 1988
Website : www.psdb.org.br

Progressive Party (Brazil)
Partido Progressista
Founded : 1995 (as PPB) / April 4, 2003 (as PP)
Website : www.pp.org.br

Democratic Labour Party (Brazil)
Partido Democrático Trabalhista
Founded : June 17, 1979
Website : http://www.pdt.org.br/

Brazilian Labour Party (current)
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
Founded : 3 November 1981
Website : http://www.ptb.org.br/

Democrats (Brazil)
Founded : January 24, 1985 (PFL) / March 28, 2007 (Democratas)
Website : www.democratas.org

Party of the Republic
Partido da República
Founded : December 21, 2006
Website : www.partidodarepublica.org.br

Brazilian Socialist Party
Partido Socialista Brasileiro
Founded : 6 August 1947
Website : http://www.psbnacional.org.br/

Popular Socialist Party (Brazil)
Partido Popular Socialista
Founded : March 19, 1992
Website : http://portal.pps.org.br/

Social Christian Party (Brazil)
Partido Social Cristão
Founded : 2010
Website : http://www.psc.org.br

Communist Party of Brazil
Partido Comunista do Brasil
Founded : February 18, 1962
Website : www.pcdob.org.br

Brazilian Republican Party
Partido Republicano Brasileiro
Founded : September 25, 2005
Website : http://prb10.org.br/

Green Party (Brazil)
Partido Verde
Founded : January, 1986
Website : http://www.pv.org.br/

Social Democratic Party (Brazil, 2011)
Partido Social Democrático
Founded : March 21, 2011
Website : www.psd.org.br

Progressive Republican Party (Brazil)
Progressive Republican Party
Founded : November 22, 1991
Website : http://www.prp.org.br/

Social Liberal Party (Brazil)
Partido Social Liberal
Founded : 1998
Website : http://www.pslnacional.org.br/

Party of National Mobilization
Partido da Mobilização Nacional
Founded April 21, 1984
Website : http://pmn.org.br/

Humanist Party of Solidarity (Brazil)
Partido Humanista da Solidariedade
Founded : March 20, 1997
Website : http://www.phs.org.br/

Christian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Cristão
Founded : 1985 (PJ), 1989 (PRN), 2000 (PTC)
Website : www.ptc36nacional.com.br

Labour Party of Brazil
Partido Trabalhista do Brasil
Founded : 1989
Website : ptdob.org.br

Christian Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrata Cristão
Founded : March 30, 1995
Website : www.psdc.org.br

National Labour Party (Brazil)
Partido Trabalhista Nacional, PTN
Founded : 1945
Website : http://www.ptnbrasil.com.br/

Brazilian Labour Renewal Party
Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro, PRTB
Founded : 1994
Website : None

Socialism and Liberty Party
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade
Founded : June 6, 2004
Website : http://psol50.org.br/

Republican Party of the Social Order
Partido Republicano da Ordem Social, PROS
Founded : January 1, 2010
Website : pros.org.br

National Ecologic Party
Partido Ecológico Nacional
Founded : 2012
Website : http://www.pen51.org.br/

Sustainability Network
REDE Sustentabilidade
Founded : 16 February 2013
Website : https://redesustentabilidade.org.br

Brazilian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
Founded : 1922
Website : http://pcb.org.br/

Workers' Cause Party
Partido da Causa Operária
Founded : 1995
Website : http://www.pco.org.br/

New Party (Brazil)
Partido Novo
Founded : December 3, 2011
Website : novo.org.br

Other parties

Brazilian Woman Party
United Socialist Workers' Party

Funding Agencies
If any Nobel Laureates, Olympic winners, World Heritage sites, Tourism Agencies, Ashoka Fellows

Nobel Laureates
Peter Brian Medawar *

Olympic Winners (2020)

Ana Marcela Cunha
Football Men's tournament
Hebert Conceição
Isaquias Queiroz
Ítalo Ferreira
Rebeca Andrade
Sailing Women's 49erFX

World Heritage sites 
Historic Town of Ouro Preto
Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis : San Ignacio Mini , Santa Ana , Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina) , Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)
Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas
Iguaçu National Park
Serra da Capivara National Park
Historic Centre of São Luís
Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves
Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina
Central Amazon Conservation Complex
Pantanal Conservation Area
Brazilian Atlantic Islands : Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves
Cerrado Protected Areas : Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks
Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás
São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão
Rio de Janeiro : Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea
Pampulha Modern Ensemble
Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site
Paraty and Ilha Grande – Culture and Biodiversity

Interesting facts
Rio de Janeiro is behind Sao Paulo and Brasilia in population but is only behind Brasilia in GDP at US$201 billion.

The name 'Rio de Janeiro' is Portuguese for 'River of January' and was given to the city by the captaincy of the Portuguese Empire in 1565, the date the city was established.

Christ the Redeemer landmark on the top of Corcovada Mountain is one of the most recognized features of Rio and has on several occasions been named one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

This I didn't know...Rio has a nickname...Cidade Maravilhosa or 'the marvelous city'.

Brazil's most famous dance - samba - has its origins from the African slaves that worked in the plantations in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

With over 50 kilometers of white and golden sand beaches, Rio is Brazil's tourism capital.

Brazilians are apt to say that if you have not visited Rio's Christ the Redeemer statue, Sugarloaf Mountain, Ipanema Beach, Copacabana Beach, Sambodromo, Maracana Stadium, and Tijuca National Park; then you have never been to Brazil.

Do you know Rio's most popular natives? Well, here is a list; Ronaldo (soccer player), The Gracie Martial Arts Family, Anderson Silva (MMA Fighter), Tom Jobin (Musician/”The Girl from Ipanema”), Vinicius de Moraes (Musician/”The Girl from Ipanema”), and Oscar Niemeyer (architect)...the list can be longer...you just have to type it yourself.

There are more than 200 samba schools in Rio. The city gets more than 3 million international tourists every year.

Rio's 'Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea' is the part which was named a World Heritage Center in 2012. Next time you are planning a South American visit; do not say that you were not well advised. If it is not in Rio, then it is not Brazilian...I daresay, it is not South American!