Saudi Arabia
National Constitution

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Welcome to Saudi Arabia

Flag Description
green, a traditional color in Islamic flags, with the Shahada or Muslim creed in large white Arabic script (translated as "There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God") above a white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); design dates to the early twentieth century and is closely associated with the Al Saud family which established the kingdom in 1932; the flag is manufactured with differing obverse and reverse sides so that the Shahada reads - and the sword points - correctly from right to left on both sides

note: one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides - the others are Moldova and Paraguay

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from France with French Sudan as the Mali Federation 20 June 1960
- from Mali Federation 20 August 1960


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Calling code

CFA franc (XOF)

Geographic Coordinates
14°40'N 17°25'W

Official languages

Independence / Republic Days
Kingdom founded 23 September 1932


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Calling code

Saudi riyal (SR) (SAR)

Geographic Coordinates
24°39'N 46°46'E

Official languages

Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

Geographic coordinates
25 00 N, 45 00 E

Map references
Middle East

total: 2,149,690 sq km
country comparison to the world: 13
land: 2,149,690 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Area comparison map:

2,640 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
continental shelf: not specified

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m

noun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian

Arabic (official)

National symbol(s)
palm tree surmounting two crossed swords

National anthem
name: "Aash Al Maleek" (Long Live Our Beloved King)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Ibrahim KHAFAJI/Abdul Rahman al-KHATEEB
note: music adopted 1947, lyrics adopted 1984

revenues: $302.6 billion
expenditures: $258.4 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
42.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30

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Saudi Arabia
See the location and aprox size of this country at the end. This country looks smaller in the world map and much smaller in the Universe. You are just 1 citizen of this world. But you and this country have far greater social, health, climate responsibility. For details, contact Datacentre.
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