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Flag Description
two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red; a white equilateral triangle is based on the hoist side; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun with eight primary rays; each corner of the triangle contains a small, yellow, five-pointed star; blue stands for peace and justice, red symbolizes courage, the white equal-sided triangle represents equality; the rays recall the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain, while the stars represent the three major geographical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897
note: in wartime the flag is flown upside down with the red band at the top

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from Spainb
from United States
- Established April 27, 1565
- Declared June 12, 1898


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Calling code

Peso (Filipino: piso)
? (PHP)

Geographic Coordinates
14°35'N 121°0'E

Official languages
Filipino (Tagalog)

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

Geographic coordinates
13 00 N, 122 00 E

Map references
Southeast Asia

total: 300,000 sq km
country comparison to the world: 73
land: 298,170 sq km
water: 1,830 sq km

Area - comparative
Area comparison map:

36,289 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

noun: Filipino(s)
adjective: Philippine

Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan

National symbol(s)
Philippine eagle

National anthem
name: "Lupang Hinirang" (Chosen Land)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Jose PALMA (revised by Felipe PADILLA de Leon)/Julian FELIPE
note: music adopted 1898, original Spanish lyrics adopted 1899, Filipino (Tagalog) lyrics adopted 1956; although the original lyrics were written in Spanish, later English and Filipino versions were created; today, only the Filipino version is used

revenues: $38.88 billion
expenditures: $43.89 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
14.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195

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See the location and aprox size of this country at the end. This country looks smaller in the world map and much smaller in the Universe. You are just 1 citizen of this world. But you and this country have far greater social, health, climate responsibility. For details, contact Datacentre.
The world map shared below gives you an idea as to where is this country in this large world.
The world map is just an image and not 100% right in dimension.