National Constitution

Contact Datacentre
32,165,485 Source
See latest population
Welcome to Peru

Flag description
Three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace.

Industries in Peru
mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, textiles, clothing, food processing
Industrial production growth rate : 13.6% (2010 est.)
Country comparison to the world : 14
Source :

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from Spain
- Declared July 28, 1821
- Consolidated December 9, 1824
- Recognized August 14, 1879


Calling code

Nuevo Sol (PEN)

Geographic Coordinates
12°2.6'S 77°1.7'W

Official language

Select NGOs
Asociacion Kallpa
CENCA- instituto de desarrollo urbano
Ciudad Saludable
Colegio José Antonio Encinas
Instituto de Investigación Pedag. Yachay Wasi
Minga Perú
Red de Lactancia Materna,CEPREN
Universidad Coherente

Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Geographic coordinates
10 00 S, 76 00 W

Map references
South America

total: 1,285,216 sq km
country comparison to the world: 20
land: 1,279,996 sq km
water: 5,220 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Alaska

2,414 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

noun: Peruvian(s)
adjective: Peruvian

Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2% (2007 est.)

National symbol(s)
vicuna (a camelid related to the llama)

National anthem
name: "Himno Nacional del Peru" (National Anthem of Peru)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Jose DE LA TORRE Ugarte/Jose Bernardo ALZEDO
note: adopted 1822; the song won a national contest for an anthem

revenues: $60.95 billion
expenditures: $58.91 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
29% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97

For details, contact Datacentre

See the location and aprox size of this country at the end. This country looks smaller in the world map and much smaller in the Universe. You are just 1 citizen of this world. But you and this country have far greater social, health, climate responsibility. For details, contact Datacentre.
The world map shared below gives you an idea as to where is this country in this large world.
The world map is just an image and not 100% right in dimension.