National Constitution

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Welcome to Oman

Flag Description
three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered near the top of the vertical band; white represents peace and prosperity, red recalls battles against foreign invaders, and green symbolizes the Jebel Akhdar (Green Mountains) and fertility.


Calling code

Rial (OMR)

Geographic Coordinates
23°36'N 58°33'E

Official languages

Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE

Geographic coordinates
21 00 N, 57 00 E

Map references
Middle East

total: 309,500 sq km
country comparison to the world: 71
land: 309,500 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Kansas

2,092 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m

noun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani

Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

National symbol(s)
Khanjar dagger superimposed on two crossed swords

National anthem
name: "Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani" (The Sultan's Anthem)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Rashid bin Uzayyiz al KHUSAIDI/James Frederick MILLS, arranged by Bernard EBBINGHAUS
note: adopted 1932; new words were written after QABOOS bin Said al Said gained power in 1970; the anthem was first performed by the band of a British ship as a salute to the Sultan during a 1932 visit to Muscat; the bandmaster of the HMS Hawkins was asked to write a salutation to the Sultan on the occasion of his visiting the ship

revenues: $34.42 billion
expenditures: $35.48 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
42% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31

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