National Constitution

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Welcome to Mauritius

Flag Description

Four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green; red represents self-determination and independence, blue the Indian Ocean surrounding the island, yellow has been interpreted as the new light of independence, golden sunshine, or the bright future, and green can symbolize either agriculture or the lush vegetation of the island.

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from the United Kingdom 12 March 1968
- Republic 12 March 1992

Port Louis

Calling code

Mauritian rupee (MUR)

Geographic Coordinates
20°10'S 57°31'E

Official languages

Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates
20 17 S, 57 33 E

Map references

total: 2,040 sq km
country comparison to the world: 181
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

Area - comparative
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

177 km

Maritime claims
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

noun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian

Creole 86.5%, Bhojpuri 5.3%, French 4.1%, two languages 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes English, the official language, which is spoken by less than 1% of the population), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)

National anthem
name: "Motherland"

National Anthem lyrics/music
Jean Georges PROSPER/Philippe GENTIL
note: adopted 1968

revenues: $2.507 billion
expenditures: $2.736 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
21.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155

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See the location and aprox size of this country at the end. This country looks smaller in the world map and much smaller in the Universe. You are just 1 citizen of this world. But you and this country have far greater social, health, climate responsibility. For details, contact Datacentre.
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