National Constitution

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Welcome to Malaysia

Flag Description
14 equal horizontal stripes of red (top) alternating with white (bottom); there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a yellow crescent and a yellow 14-pointed star; the flag is often referred to as Jalur Gemilang (Stripes of Glory); the 14 stripes stand for the equal status in the federation of the 13 member states and the federal government; the 14 points on the star represent the unity between these entities; the crescent is a traditional symbol of Islam; blue symbolizes the unity of the Malay people and yellow is the royal color of Malay rulers

note: the design is based on the flag of the US

Independence / Republic Days
Independence From the United Kingdom (Malaya only) 31 August 1957

Kuala Lumpur

Weather in Malaysia
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Calling code

Ringgit (RM) (MYR)

Geographic Coordinates
3°08'N 101°42'E

Official languages

Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

Geographic coordinates
2 30 N, 112 30 E

Map references
Southeast Asia

total: 329,847 sq km
country comparison to the world: 67
land: 328,657 sq km
water: 1,190 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly larger than New Mexico

4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m

noun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian

Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan

National symbol(s)

National anthem
name: "Negaraku" (My Country)

National Anthem lyrics/music
collective, led by Tunku ABDUL RAHMAN/Pierre Jean DE BERANGER
note: adopted 1957; the full version is only performed in the presence of the king; the tune, which was adopted from a popular French melody titled "La Rosalie," was originally the anthem of the state of Perak

revenues: $65.72 billion
expenditures: $79.4 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
21% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156

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