Kottayam District

Official Website : http://kottayam.gov.in

Headquarters : Kottayam
State : Kerala

Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
Total : 2206
Rural v1932.29
Urban : 273.71

Population (Census 2011)
Population : 1974551
Rural : 1409158
Urban : 565393
Male : 968289
Female : 1006262
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) : 1039
Density (Total, Persons per sq km) : 895

Official language : Malayalam

Helplines :
Air ambulance +91 9540161344.
Police 100
Fire 101
Ambulance 102
Traffic Police 103
Anti Corruption Helpline 1031
Emergency Relief Centre on National Highways 1033
State level helpline for Health 104
Hospital On Wheels 104
Anti-poison 1066
Central Relief Commissioner for Natural Calamities 1070
Relief Commissioners of Central/State/Union territory 1070
Air Accident 1071
Train accident 1072
Road Accident 1073
Traffic Help Line 1073
Control room of District Collector/Magistrate 1077
Disaster management 108
Anti terror Helpline/Alert All India 1090
Women in Distress 1091
Earth-quake Help line service 1092
Natural disaster control room 1096
AIDS helpline 1097
AIDS help line service 1097
Child abuse hotline 1098
Central Accident and Trauma Services 1099
Catastrophe & Trauma service 1099
General emergency Department of Telecommunications (DoT) 112
All in one Emergency Number 112
LIC Of India 1251
Public Grievance Cell Telecom Circle HQs 12727
Indian Railway General Enquiry 1320, 131, 1321
For any theft or harassment, nuisance caused due to smoking or alcohol consumption on train 1322
Indian Railway Security Helpline 1322
Railway Helpline for Arrival/Departure and Reservation services 133
Railway Enquiry 139
Indian Airlines 1407
Air India ( Confirmation / Cancellation Enquiry)(Called Party) 1414
for any queries related to landline telephone, ISDN etc. Also accessible from CellOne, Excel & Tarang phones 1500
Railway 1512
Kisan Call Center 1551
Military Police Help Line 155200
Indian Oil Help Line 155233
Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) 155255 / 1800 4254732
Water Board 155313
Electricity Complaints 155333
Trunk booking 1580
Trunk assistance 1581
STD complaints 1582
National Directory Enquiry (NDQ) Service 1583
International trunk booking 1586
International trunk enquiry 1587
International Trunk delay information 1588
Telex complaints 1589
Free Phone Enquiry 1600
India Telephone Card Enquiry 1602
Billing complaint center 166 / 1660-69
Billing Complaint Center 1671-73
Weather Enquiry 1717
Maritime Search and Rescue control room of coastal guard 1718
Drug de-addiction 1800-11-0031
National Consumer Helpline 1800-11-4000
MyGov Toll Free Number for MannKiBaat for ideas and suggestions 1800-11-7800
IRCTC Help Line 1800-111-139
National Health Helpline 1800-180-1104
Anti Ragging-Emails at helpline@antiragging.in 1800-180-5522
Mann Ki Baat on the toll-free number 1800-3000-780
Domestic abuse and sexual violence-Women's Helpline 181
Indian Army Help Line 1904
LPG emergency helpline number 1906
Blood bank Information 1910
Dial a doctor 1911
Tourist Office (Govt.of India) 1913
Water Supply Complain 1916
Leased Circuits Fault Booking 1918
Eye Donation 1919
Eye bank information service 1919
Aadhar Card-UIDAI (Unique idenditification authority of india),1800-180-1947 1947
Election Commission of India 1950
Change number announcement (Hindi) 1951
Changed number announcement (English) 1952
Changed number announcement (Regional language) 1953
Changed number announcement (in case of shift) 1954
Sancharnet Internet Help desk service 1957
Leased Circuit Fault Booking (WTR) 1958
Aaykar Sampark Kendra (ASK) 1961
Directory enquiry service 197
Telephone Complaint Booking 198

Population (Census 2010) :
The current world population is 7.6 billion (As of 1st July 2018)

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website

Brief About Kottayam District
Kottayam literally means the interior of a fort Kotta+Akam. Rulers of Munjanad and Thekkumkur had their head quarters at Thazhathangadi in the present Kottayam town. Marthanda Varma of Travancore attacked Thekkumkur and destroyed the palace and the Thaliyil fort. The remnants of palaces and forts are still seen here.

The present Kottayam district was previously a part of the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. Earlier, the Travancore State consisted of two revenue divisions viz., the southern and northern divisions, under the administrative control of a 'Diwan Peshkar' for each. Later in 1868 two more divisions Quilon (Kollam) and Kottayam were constituted. The fifth division Devikulam came next but for a short period, which in course of time, was added to Kottayam. At the time of the integration of the State of Travancore and Cochin (Kochi) in 1949, these revenue divisions were renamed as districts and the Diwan Peshkars gave way to District Collectors, making the birth of the Kottayam District in July 1949.

The beginning of the ninth Century A.D is the age of the Kula- sekharas. At that time, Kottayam was a part of the Vempolinad, which belonged to the Kulasekhara Empire (1090 - 1102 A.D.). The Vembanad lake itself derives its name from Vempolinad.The Kingdom of Vempolinad split itself into the Kingdom of Thekkumkur and Vadakkumkur by about 1100 A.D. and later these two kingdoms were annexed by Marthanda- Varma of Travancore between 1749 and1754. The Portuguese and the Dutch had their business relations with both Thekkumkur and Vadakkumkur Kingdoms, pepper and other spices being the main attractions. In addition to Thekkumkur and Vadakkumkur, Marthanda Varma brought two more small principalities in Kottayam under his control - Poonjar and Meenachil.

After Marthanda Varma Dharma Raja (1758-1798) placed Kottayam in a key position in the new defence strategy against Haider Ali and Tippu Sultan of Mysore. Apart from this, Kottayam afforded asylum to a number of refugee princes who left Malabar in the wake of Mysore invasions.

Kottayam occupied a predominant position in the cultural life of the Travancore princely court,the main reason being migration of Ramapurathu Warrier, the famous poet of Vadakkumkur to Thiruvananthapuram following the annexation of Kottayam by Marthanda Varma.

Kottayam has played its role in all the political agitations of modern times. The 'Malayali Memorial' agitation may be said to have had its origin in Kottayam. The Malayali Memorial sought to secure better representation for educated Travancoreans in the Travancore civil service against persons from outside. The Memorial, which was presented to the Maharaja Sri Mulam Thirunal (1891) was drafted at a public meeting held in the Kottayam Public Library. The event marked the beginning of the modern political movement in the state.

It was here that the famous Vaikom Satyagraha (1924 -25) an epic struggle for eradication of untouchability, took place. Scheduled castes and other backward classes in Travancore were not only denied entry into temples, but also access to temple roads. Vaikom, the seat of a celebrated Siva Temple, was the venue of the symbolic satyagraha. It is of immense historic significance that national leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, C. Rajagopalachari, Acharya Vinoba Bhave and E.V. Ramswami Naykar, associated with the struggle.

The Nivarthana agitation of the early thirties, to secure adequate representation for the non-caste Hindus, Christians and Muslims in the State Legislature, enjoyed considerable support from the district.

The district was also a centre of the agitation led by the State Congress for responsible Government in Travancore. The agitation had a triumphant end, with the overthrow of Sir. C.P. Ramaswami Iyer, the then Dewan of Travancore.

At A Glance
Kottayam district has a total area of 2208 sq. km. lying a little south to central Kerala, the district is bordered on the north by Ernakulam, on the east by Idukki and on the south by Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. The Vembanad lake forms the western boundary. The district is naturally divided into high land, mid land and low land, the bulk being constituted by the mid land regions. Meenachil and Kanjirappally taluks have high land and mid land areas while Kottayam, Changanassery and Vaikkom taluks have mid land and low land areas. Kanjirappally and Meenachil taluks have laterite soil, where as Vaikom taluk and part of Changanassery and Kottayam taluks have aluvial soil. The district has no coastal area. Kottayam lies between Latitude 90 15' and 100 21' and Longitude 760 22' and 770 25'.

Classification of Geographical area (1998-99, in Hec.). Total 219550, forests 8141, land put to non agricultural uses 23077, barren and uncultivable land 1376, permanent pastural and other grazing land two, land under tree crops 129, cultivable waste 1874, fallow other than current fallow 2625, current fallow 4924, net area sown 177409, area sown more than once 39382, total cropped area 216784.

The district has a tropical climate with an oppressive hot season in the plains and plenty of rain fall through out. The hot season from March to May, is followed by the south west monsoon from June to September. October and November constitute the post-monsoon or retreating monsoon season, when day temperature increases gradually and the heat is nearly as in summer. December to February forms the north east monsoon. Rain cease early in January. The district normally gets an annual average rain fall of 3130.33 mm.

The important rivers of the district are the Meenachil, the Muvattupuzha and the Manimala. The 78 kms. long Meenachil river flows through the taluks of Meenachil, Vaikom and Kottayam. It has a catchment area of 1272 Sq.km. and utilisable water resource of 1110 Cubic mm. The river is formed by several streams originating from the Western Ghats in Idukki district. At Erattupetta, Poonjar river also joins it, takes a sharp turn and flows towards the west. At Kondur, it is joined by the Chittar and at Lalam, it receives the Payapparathodu and flows in a south-west direction till it reaches Kottayam. Here, it branches into several streams before emptying into the Vembanad lake. The important towns in the basin are Pala, Poonjar, Ettumanoor and Kottayam. Meenachil Medium Irrigation project is having a net ayacut of 9960 hectares, 155 sq.km. catchment area and a water spread area of 228 hectares.

The Muvattupuzha river originates from Ernakulam district, flows through Vaikom taluk and empties into the Vembanad lake. The most important town in the basin is Vaikom, the famous pilgrim centre.

The Manimala river flows through Kanjirappally and Changanassery taluks. The Chittar joins it on its course further down the west as it flows to Alappuzha district. The important town in the basin is Mundakkayam.
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