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Population
127,484,450 Source
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Welcome to Japan

Flag Description
The national flag of Japan is a white rectangular flag with a crimson-red disc in the center. This flag is officially called Nisshōki in the Japanese language, but is more commonly known as Hi no maru. The flag embodies Japan's nickname as the Land of the Rising Sun.

The Nisshōki flag is designated as the national flag in the Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem, which was promulgated and became effective on August 13, 1999. Although no earlier legislation had specified a national flag, the sun-disc flag had already become the de facto national flag of Japan. Two proclamations issued in 1870 by the Daijō-kan, the governmental body of the early Meiji period, each had a provision for a design of the national flag. A sun-disc flag was adopted as the national flag for merchant ships under Proclamation No. 57 of Meiji 3 (issued on February 27, 1870), and as the national flag used by the Navy under Proclamation No. 651 of Meiji 3 (issued on October 27, 1870). Use of the Hi no maru was severely restricted during the early years of the Allied occupation of Japan after World War II; these restrictions were later relaxed.

Country name
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Japan
local long form: Nihon-koku/Nippon-koku
local short form: Nihon/Nippon

Government type
a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy

Capital
name: Tokyo
geographic coordinates: 35 41 N, 139 45 E
time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
47 prefectures; Aichi, Akita, Aomori, Chiba, Ehime, Fukui, Fukuoka, Fukushima, Gifu, Gunma, Hiroshima, Hokkaido, Hyogo, Ibaraki, Ishikawa, Iwate, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kanagawa, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Mie, Miyagi, Miyazaki, Nagano, Nagasaki, Nara, Niigata, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka, Saga, Saitama, Shiga, Shimane, Shizuoka, Tochigi, Tokushima, Tokyo, Tottori, Toyama, Wakayama, Yamagata, Yamaguchi, Yamanashi

Independence
3 May 1947 (current constitution adopted as amendment to Meiji Constitution); notable earlier dates: 660 B.C. (traditional date of the founding of the nation by Emperor JIMMU); 29 November 1890 (Meiji Constitution provides for constitutional monarchy)

National holiday
Birthday of Emperor AKIHITO, 23 December (1933)

Constitution
previous 1890; latest approved 6 October 1946, adopted 3 November 1946, effective 3 May 1947 (2013)

Suffrage
20 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of State
Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 January 1989)

Head of Government
Prime Minister Shinzo ABE (since 26 December 2012); Deputy
Prime Minister Taro ASO (since 26 December 2012)
cabinet: Cabinet is appointed by the prime minister

For details, contact Datacentre

Content partner : India Centre Foundation
 
The world map shared below gives you an idea as to where is this country in this large world.
The world map is just an image and not 100% right in dimension. This country looks smaller in the world map and much smaller in the Universe. You are just 1 citizen of this world. But you and this country have far greater social, health, climate responsibility. For details, contact
Datacentre.
For details, contact
Datacentre.