National Constitution

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Welcome to Italy

Flag Description
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; design inspired by the French flag brought to Italy by Napoleon in 1797; colors are those of Milan (red and white) combined with the green uniform color of the Milanese civic guard

note: similar to the flag of Mexico, which is longer, uses darker shades of red and green, and has its coat of arms centered on the white band; Ireland, which is longer and is green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of the Cote d'Ivoire, which has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green

Independence / Republic Days
Independence Unification 17 March 1861
- Republic 2 June 1946

National symbol(s)
white, five-pointed star (Stella d'Italia)

National anthem
name: "Il Canto degli Italiani" (The Song of the Italians)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Goffredo MAMELI/Michele NOVARO
note: adopted 1946; the anthem, originally written in 1847, is also known as "L'Inno di Mameli" (Mameli's Hymn), and "Fratelli D'Italia" (Brothers of Italy)


Weather in Italy
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Calling code

Euro (€)2 (EUR)

Geographic Coordinates
41°54'N 12°29'E

Official language

Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia

Geographic coordinates
42 50 N, 12 50 E

Map references

total: 301,340 sq km
country comparison to the world: 72
land: 294,140 sq km
water: 7,200 sq km
note: includes Sardinia and Sicily

Area - comparative
Area comparison map:

7,600 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur 4,748 m (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)

noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German-speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

revenues: $984 billion
expenditures: $1.052 trillion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
47.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18

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See the location and aprox size of this country at the end. This country looks smaller in the world map and much smaller in the Universe. You are just 1 citizen of this world. But you and this country have far greater social, health, climate responsibility. For details, contact Datacentre.
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