National Constitution

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Welcome to Iraq 

Flag Description

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great") in green Arabic script is centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white); the Council of Representatives approved this flag in 2008 as a compromise temporary replacement for the Ba'athist Saddam-era flag.

note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two stars but no script, Yemen, which has a plain white band, and that of Egypt, which has a gold Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from the United Kingdom 3 October 1932
- Declaration of the republic 14 July 1958
- Current constitution 15 October 2005


Weather in Iraq
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Calling code

Iraqi dinar (IQD)

Geographic Coordinates
33°20'N 44°26'E

Official languages
Arabic, Kurdish

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