Legislative council
National Constitution

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Welcome to Hong Kong (SAR)

Flag discription
The flag of Hong Kong features a white, stylised, five-petal Hong Kong orchid tree (Bauhinia blakeana) flower in the centre of a red field. Its design was adopted on 4 April 1990 at the Third Session of the Seventh National People's Congress. The precise use of the flag is regulated by laws passed by the 58th executive meeting of the State Council held in Beijing. The design of the flag is enshrined in Hong Kong's Basic Law, the territory's constitutional document, and regulations regarding the use, prohibition of use, desecration, and manufacture of the flag are stated in the Regional Flag and Regional Emblem Ordinance. The flag of Hong Kong was first officially hoisted on 1 July 1997, in the handover ceremony marking the transfer of sovereignty.

Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates
22 15 N, 114 10 E

Map references
Southeast Asia

total: 1,104 sq km
country comparison to the world: 184
land: 1,054 sq km
water: 50 sq km

Area - comparative
six times the size of Washington, DC

733 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 3 nm

Elevation extremes
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m

noun: Chinese/Hong Konger
adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong

Cantonese (official) 89.5%, English (official) 3.5%, Putonghua (Mandarin) 1.4%, other Chinese dialects 4%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)

Flag description
red with a stylized, white, five-petal Bauhinia flower in the center; each petal contains a small, red, five-pointed star in its middle; the red color is the same as that on the Chinese flag and represents the motherland; the fragrant Bauhinia - developed in Hong Kong the late 19th century - has come to symbolize the region; the five stars echo those on the flag of China

National symbol(s)
orchid tree flower

National anthem
note: as a Special Administrative Region of China, "Yiyongjun Jinxingqu" is the official anthem (see China)

revenues: $59.33 billion
expenditures: $54.23 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
21.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154

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