National Constitution

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Welcome to Cameroon

Flag Description

three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow, with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; the vertical tricolor recalls the flag of France; red symbolizes unity, yellow the sun, happiness, and the savannahs in the north, and green hope and the forests in the south; the star is referred to as the "star of unity"
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from France
- Declared 1 January 1960


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Calling code

Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Geographic Coordinates
3°52'N 11°31'E

Official languages

Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

Geographic coordinates
6 00 N, 12 00 E

Map references

total: 475,440 sq km
country comparison to the world: 54
land: 472,710 sq km
water: 2,730 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly larger than California

402 km

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Fako 4,095 m (on Mt. Cameroon)

noun: Cameroonian(s)
adjective: Cameroonian

24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

National symbol(s)

National anthem
name: "O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancetres" (O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers)

National Anthem lyrics/music
Rene Djam AFAME, Samuel Minkio BAMBA, Moise Nyatte NKO'O [French], Benard Nsokika FONLON [English]/Rene Djam AFAME
note: adopted 1957; Cameroon's anthem, also known as "Chant de Ralliement" (The Rallying Song), has been used unofficially since 1948 and officially adopted in 1957; the anthem has French and English versions whose lyrics differ

revenues: $5.089 billion
expenditures: $6.28 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues
18.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174

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