National Constitution

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Welcome to Afghanistan

Independence / Republic Days
Independence from the United Kingdom
- August 19, 1919



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Calling code

Afghani (AFN)

Geographic Coordinates
34anddeg;32'N 69anddeg;08'E

Official languages
Dari (Persian)

Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

Geographic coordinates
33 00 N, 65 00 E

total: 652,230 sq km
country comparison to the world: 41
land: 652,230 sq km
water: 0 sq km

0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims
none (landlocked)

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
highest point: Noshak 7,485 m

Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them

National Anthem lyrics/music
Abdul Bari JAHANI/Babrak WASA
note: adopted 2006; the 2004 constitution of the post-Taliban government mandated that a new national anthem should be written containing the phrase andquot;Allahu Akbarandquot; (God is Great) and mentioning the names of Afghanistan's ethnic groups

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