Vadodara District

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Brief About Vadodara District
Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-most populated town in Gujarat after Vadodara and Surat (the three towns with a population of over 1 million in Gujarat). It is located on the Vishwamitri river, southeast of Vadodara and is known as the Cultural Capital of Gujarat.

Vadodara is also a district in the state of Gujarat and the city is the administrative headquarters of this district. This district is surrounded by Panchmahal, Dahod (North), Bharuch, Narmada (South), Anand and Kheda (West) districts. To the east is the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is home to almost 1.492 million people (as of 2001), the beautiful Maharaja Palace and the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (M.S.U.) which is famous for its faculty of technology and engineering (Techo) and fine arts department. It has a high literacy rate by Indian standards of 78% (2001). About 15,000 people lived in slums in Vadodara according to the provisional results of census 2001. Major industries include textiles, petrochemicals, engineering and a small but growing software industry. It was one of the cities affected by the 2002 rioting between Hindus and Muslims. The riots in Gujarat led to around 2,000 deaths, most of them Muslims.

Origin of Name

The earliest mention of Baroda is in a grant or charter of [812] that identifies it as Vadapadraka, a village attached to the nearby town of Ankottaka. In the 10th century Vadapadraka replaced Ankottaka as the main town. The city was once called Chandravati, after its ruler Raja Chandan, then Viravati, the abode of the brave, and then Vadpatra because of the abundance of banyan trees on the banks of the Vishwamitri. From Vadpatra it derived its present name Baroda or Vadodara.


Vadodara is situated on the banks of the Vishwamitri river. The Vadodara district is surrounded by Panchmahal, Dahod (North), Bharuch, Narmada (South), Anand and Kheda (West) districts. To the east is the state of Madhya Pradesh. The tallest point in the region is the hill of Pavagadh. The Mahi River also passes through the district. Altitude: 35.5 m Above Mean Sea Level. Latitude: 22° 17’ 59’’ North Longitude: 73° 15’ 18’’ East Area: 108.22 km²


Winter Temperature: Max 31 °C, Min 11 °C Summer Temperature: Max 45 °C, Min 24 °C Rainfall (mid-June to mid-September): 931.9 mm Lowest Recorded Temperature: -1 °C Highest Recorded Temperature: 49 °C


1961: 298,398 1971: 467,487 1981: 734,473 1991: 1,031,346 (males 53%; females 47%) 1995: 1,200,000 1998: 1,400,000 2005: 1,860,000 (approx) 2010: 2,200,000 (projected)

Ankleshwar may be detoxified!
November 08, 2005
VADODARA: The ministry of environment and forest is planning to remove Ankleshwar, which is on the list of 24 identified 'problem areas', from the list of critically polluted zones in the country. Ankleshwar was identified as a critically polluted spot several years ago, and was recognised for priority action in the country.
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68% MSU girls sexually harassed
June 03, 2005
As many as 68 per cent female students in the MS University faced either eve-teasing or sexual harassment on campus.
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Cholera numbers ticking; 131 jaundice cases

June 01, 2005
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State's Parsis oppose move to join new world body
May 30, 2005
Parsis in Gujarat are raising their voice against a move by the Bombay Parsi Panchayat (BPP) to join a proposed international body of Zoroastrians. For, a majority of the 15,000-strong Parsi population in the state feels the body — International Zoroastrian Organisation (IZO) — seeks to enrol converts and non-Zoroastrians into the fold of the community, something which may dilute the basic tenets of their religion

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