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Vijayapura District

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About the Vijayapura district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/645/download?token=2dO1aAC-

Brief About Bijapur District
Bijapur is one of the largest districts in Karnataka and has an area of 10541 sq Km. Consisting 5.49% of the area of the state. It is nearly 580 Kms from the state capital Bangalore. It lies between 15x50 and 17x28 North Latitude and 74x54 and 76x28 East Longitude. The district is bounded by Solapur district on the north and Sangli on the north–west (both of Maharastra state), by the district of Belgaum on the west, Bijapure on the south, Gulburga on the East and by Raichur on the south–east. Thus, it is a land–locked district on the northern boundary of Karnataka.

Bijapur district is accessible by both highways and rail. The National highway 13 passes through the district in the eastern and central parts. Via Muddebihal and Bijapur. The taluka towns are well connected by state highways and district roads. The railway line connecting Solapur in Maharastra and Hubli passes through the center of the district, via Indi and Basavan Bagewadi.

Bijapur district consists of 5 Taluks viz Bijapur, Basavana-Bagewadi, Indi, Muddebihal and Sindgi.

Demographic features
The district’s population (18.10 lakhs) constitutes 3.42% of the total population of the state. The population growth during 1981-91 was less than state average of 2.10% per annum. About 80% (14.48 lakh) of the population live in rural area as against the state average of 69% Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes account for 20.1% (3.1 lakh) of the population. The density of population at 172 per Sq K.M. far less than the state average of 44.6 Workers as a percentage to total population are 39.81% which is comparable to the state figure of 44.1% The literacy rate at 56% stood marginally above the state figure of 55.The literacy rate among male is 57.95% whereas among female it is only 39.14%.

TOPOGRAPHY
Geographically, the district lies in the tract of the Deccan Plateaus. The lands of the district can be broadly divided into three zones: the northern belt consisting of the northern parts of Bijapur Taluks of Indi and Sindagi; the central belt consisting of Bijapur city; the southern belt consisting of the rich alluvial plains of the Krishna Rivers parted from the central belt by a stretch of barren Trap. The northern belt is a succession of low rolling uplands without much vegetation, gently rounded and falling into intermediate narrow valleys. The upland soil being shallow, the villagers are generally confined to the banks of the streams and are far away from one another. The Don Volley has plains and consists of rich tracts of deep black soil stretching from west to east. Across the Krishna River is a rich plain crossed from west to east by two lines of sandstone hills. Further south towards Badami and South-West to east by two lines of sandstone hills. Further south towards Badami and South West of Hunagund, the hills increase the number and the black soil gives way to the red.

Drainage
The District, criss-crossed by several streams and rivers, is drained mainly by the Krishna river which is one of the two great rivers of South India. Bhima, Don. There are 34 rain gauge stations in Bijapur District. The average annual rainfall for the district is 552.8 mm with 37.2 rainy days. The monsoon generally breaks in the district during June and lasts till October. The highest mean monthly rainfall is 149.2 mm in the month of September and lowest is 3.4 mm in February. The annual rainfall variation in the district is marginal from place to place.

Ground Water Condition
Bijapur District can be categorized as a low to moderately yielding area (1000lph to 8000lph) 72.2% of district falling in this category. From considerable part of the district (9%) poor yielding (less than 1000 lph sources) or non –feasible areas have been reported. The talukas having largest poor yielding area, are Muddebihal (14%) followed by Indi (15%), Bijapur and sindagi (13% each), Basavan Bagewadi (4%) . Low yielding areas ( 1000lph to 4000lph source) in the district constitute about 40% of the district, with the largest being Basavan Bagewadi (54%) and smallest in Indi taluka Moderate yields (4000lph to 8000lph source ) are reported from 36% of the district, highest being in Bijapur with 70% of the area, and lowest being in Sindagi with 14% of the taluka. High yielding areas (more than 8000lph sources) over 15% of the district. The smallest area under this category are in Sindagi Taluka (2% each) and largest is in muddebihal (24% each) where very lengthy contact zones occurs between traps and other formations.

below table gives the Yield Factor computations of each taluka of the district. Sindagi, with low problems and yield Ranking of 2.51 to 2.75, three talukas (Bijapur , Indi and Muddebihal) with medium problems and yield factor between 2.76 and 3.5, and none in the serious problem classification with yield factor over 3.5 the Yield ranking for the district works out to 2.61 indicating the critical condition of the district.

HISTORY OF BIJAPUR

The foundation of this historic city was laid during the reign of the Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani between the tenth and Eleventh centuries. They called it Vijayapure, the “City of Victory”, from which comes its present name Bijapur.Bijapur came under Muslim influence, first under Allaudin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, towards the end of the 13th century, and then under the Bahamani kings of Bidar in 1347.

In 1481, Mohammed III, one of the Bahamani Sultans, appointed Yusuf Adil Khan as the Governor of Bijapur, one of the sons of Sultan Mahmud II of Turkey. Yusuf Adil Khan fled from his country on the death of his father, to escape the massacre of crown prince in the battle for succession to the throne. Mahmud Gavan, the Prime Minister of Mohammed III, purchased him as a slave.

With the decline of the Bahamani power at Bidar, Yusuf declared his independence in 1489 and thus became the founder of Adil Shahi dynasty, which survived as a kingdom till its annexation by Mughal Emperor Aurangzed in 1686.

Bijapur experienced a great burst of architectural activity under the Adil Shahi dynasty. The Adil Shahis encouraged building activity to such an extent that Bijapur itself has over 50 mosques, more than 20 tombs and a number of palaces. The “Gol Gumbaz” one of the Seven Wonders of the World is magnificent architectural masterpiece, which attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world every year.

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