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Uttar Dinajpur District

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About the Uttar Dinajpur district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/445/download?token=LrpQY4tu

Brief About North Dinajpur District
North Dinajpur

The district of Uttar Dinajpur (uttar meaning North) came into existence on 1992-04-01 after the bifurcation of erstwhile West Dinajpur District. The District lies between latitude 25°11' N to 26°49' N and longitude 87°49' E to 90°00' E occupying an area of 3142 km2 enclosed by Bangladesh on the east, Bihar on the west, Darjeeling District and Jalpaiguri District on the north and Malda District and South Dinajpur District on the south. Uttar Dinajpur is well connected with the rest of the state through National Highways, State Highways and Railways. NH-31 and NH-34 pass through the heart of the district.

The regional topography is generally flat with a gentle southerly slope towards which the main rivers like Kulik, Nagar, Mahananda. The District forms a part of the basin lying between Rajmahal hills on the east. The older alluvium is estimated to be Pleistocene age. Uttar Dinajpur is bestowed with a very fertile soil.The soil is very rich in nature due to the alluvial deposition which helps to grow Paddy, Jute, Mesta and Sugarcane etc. Raiganj on the banks of the River Kulik is the District Headquarters where the "Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary", the second largest bird sanctuary in Asia, is situated.

In Uttar Dinajpur district, there are 2 sub-divisions, Raiganj and Islampur, 110 km apart from each other. There are 4 Municipalities, 9 Blocks and 99 Panchayats covering 1577 villages. The total population is nearly 25 lakh (2.5 million), comprising mainly of rural masses. Bengali is the main language but a sizeable number of Urdu and Hindi speaking people live in Islampur sub-division.

Profile

In Uttar Dinajpur District there are 2 Sub-Divisions Raiganj & Islampur , 110Km apart from each other. District having border length of 227 km (approx) in the east with Bangladesh. There are 4 Municipalities,9 Blocks and 98 Panchayats covering 1516 villages.The total population is nearly 25 Lakh comprising mainly of rural masses.Bengali is the main language but a sizeable portion of Urdu and Hindi speaking people live in Islampur Sub-Division.

The Climate of this district is characterised by Hot-Summer with High Humidity,abundant Rainfall and Cold Winter.The Summer begins from April.

Uttar Dinajpur / North Dinajpur
On 1st April, 1992, North Dinajpur was granted the status of a separated district of North Bengal by dividing West Dinajpur district. The district is bounded by Bangladesh on the east; Bihar on the west; Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri on the North and Malda to the South. The rivers of Kulik, Nagar and Mahananda flow through the district and provide great fertility to the soil; paddy, jute and sugarcane are grown in large numbers here.

Raiganj and Islampur are the two main sub-divisions comprising mainly of Bengali speaking population while Islampur has a large number of Urdu and Hindi speaking people.
Tourist spots in North Dinajpur
• Sap-nikla forest, located 22 km from Islampur where visitors can visit the lake and forest for sight seeing.

• Karnajora Museum and park

• Burhana Fakir’s Mosque

• Goddess Kali’s temple at Baira

• Malgaon and Kunore – Famous for terracotta work

• Goddess Bhairabi’s temple at Bindore

Raiganj
The headquarters of the Uttar Dinajpur district, Raiganj is a municipal town since 1951 and one of the major trade centers in North Bengal having National Highway-34 passing through it. Raiganj is 425 km from Kolkata and 181kms from Siliguri. The Kulik Bird Sanctuary is principal attraction of Raiganj. The vast and beautiful swamp land on the bank of a small river named Kulik provides home to thousands of migratory birds including Open-Billed Storks, Night Herons, Egrets and Cormorants and indigenous birds as well. The sanctuary at Kulik draws thousands of tourists every year to Raiganj.

Raiganj Bird Sanctuary is located along the National Highway and lies beside the Kulik River covering an area of 35 acres. It is the second largest bird sanctuary in Asia where migratory birds like open-bill storks, night-herons, cormorants and egrets coming from South Asian countries and coastal areas hang around. Here you can also find local birds like bulbul, kingfisher, dove, sparrow, woodpeckers and many other species foraging for food and shelter.

GENERAL INFORMATION
Altitude: 30 metres above sea level.
Temperature (deg C): Summer- Max. 25, Min. 21; Winter- Max. 23, Min. 09.
Rainfall: 155 cms (July to September).
Languages spoken: Bengali, Hindi, English.
Best season: Throughout the year but preferably October to March.

Islampur

AREA: 343 Sq. KM
POPULATION: 27, 00,000 approx.
Islampur is a small town in the district of North Dinajpur, located 110 km from Raiganj. The town primarily consists of a Muslim population, which is almost 98 per cent. The rivers of old Brahmaputra and Yamuna flow through the region. Archeological sites consist of the tomb of Hazrat Shah Kamal at Durmuth and war memorial at Musharafganj.

The economy is agriculture based and a high percentage of the people work as agricultural labourers; many flock to the nearby towns to work as wage labourers in construction and masonry. Fishing, commerce, services and trade comprises a small portion of the economy. Crops like paddy, jute, sugarcane, mustard seed, wheat, vegetables and pulses are grown. Also, fruits like mango, coconut, papaya, banana and jackfruit are grown in abundance.
Due to the relative isolation of Islampur and lack of education in the people, it has not made much progress economically compared to other districts and towns of North Bengal.

Places

North Bengal is truly a treasure hunt for the nature lovers,
especially for those who are looking for a periodical escape from the hectic chores of the modern city life. Lying in the Northern half of the State of West Bengal and encircled by international boundaries of Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, North Bengal offers a unique combination of varied landscape - from high mountainous region in the extreme north to the vast Gangetic plains in the extreme south.

The geographical diversity blended with the cultures of different ethnic groups has placed North Bengal in the most treasured tourist destinations in Northeast India. North Bengal comprises of six districts- Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Coochbihar, North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur and Malda.

The landscape, history and cultures of each district have a distinguished character. While nature has showered his bountiful beauties in Darjeeling with great Himalayan ranges passing through it, Jalpaiguri, lying in the sub-Himalayan foothills, presents a rich biodiversity with dense forests, varied faunal and floral live forms.
Coochbihar is a city of old palaces of Koch kings, with temples and large water bodies. North and South Dinajpur are basically agricultural plains and Malda again is an old civilization and has its own importance from the archeological point of view for the famous ruins of Gour kingdom.
From tourism aspects North Bengal has immense potential to cater the needs of all kinds of travelers. For luxurious leisure tours, adventures high and low altitude treks, exciting jungle safari, elephant safari, daring white water rafting, remote village tourism, ethnic tourism, cultural tourism, angling tour, ornithology tour, heritage tour and much more North Bengal is just the place one needs to go.

Agriculture Sector in District

This newly constructed district is preliminarily agricultural in nature. Here, due to its diverse and surplus production of various crops like Tea, Jute, Potato, Ginger, Spices and Pineapple etc. the district has a strong base for agro based and horticulture- based industry.

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