Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS, or UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action on the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

The mission of UNAIDS is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV and AIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the impact of the epidemic. UNAIDS seeks to prevent the HIV/AIDS epidemic from becoming a severe pandemic.

UNAIDS has five goals

  1. Leadership and advocacy for effective action on the epidemic;
  2. Strategic information and technical support to guide efforts against AIDS worldwide ;
  3. Tracking, monitoring and evaluation of the epidemic and of responses to it ;
  4. Civil society engagement and the development of strategic partnerships;
  5. Mobilization of resources to support an effective response.

UNAIDS is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, where it shares some site facilities with the World Health Organization. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group.[1] Its first executive director was Peter Piot; Michel Sidibé currently leads UNAIDS. The agency promotes the GIPA principle (greater involvement of people living with HIV) formulated in 1994, and endorsed by the United Nations in 2001 and 2006

The aim of UNAIDS is to help mount and support an expanded response to HIV/AIDS, one that engages the efforts of many sectors and partners from government and civil society.

Established in 1994 by a resolution of the UN Economic and Social Council and launched in January 1996, UNAIDS is guided by a Programme Coordinating Board with representatives of 22 governments from all geographic regions, the UNAIDS Cosponsors, and five representatives of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), including associations of people living with HIV/AIDS.

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is an innovative joint venture of the United Nations family which brings together the efforts and resources of 11 UN system organizations to unite the world against AIDS. The participating organizations that form UNAIDS, also called the UNAIDS Cosponsors, are (in no particular order):

UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)
UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund
World Bank
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)
UN Women (United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women)
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme)
UNFPA (United Nations Populations Fund)
WHO (World Health Organisation)
World Food Programme
UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)
ILO (International Labour Organisation)
The Joint Programme is coordinated by the UNAIDS Secretariat, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
UNAIDS’ mission is to lead and inspire the world in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.

UNAIDS fulfills its mission by:

Uniting the efforts of the United Nations system, civil society, national governments, the private sector, global institutions and people living with and most affected by HIV;
Speaking out in solidarity with the people most affected by HIV in defense of human dignity, human rights and gender equality;
Mobilizing political, technical, scientific and financial resources and holding ourselves and others accountable for results;
Empowering agents of change with strategic information and evidence to influence and ensure that resources are targeted where they deliver the greatest impact and bring about a prevention revolution; and
Supporting inclusive country leadership for sustainable responses that are integral to and integrated with national health and development efforts.
UNAIDS’ work plan is currently guided by two main documents: the UNAIDS Strategy 2011-2015: Getting to Zero, and the 2011 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS.

The UNAIDS Strategy aims to advance global progress in achieving country set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support and to halt and reverse the spread of HIV, as well as to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development goals by 2015. It provides a roadmap for the Joint Programme, with concrete goals marking milestones on the path to achieving UNAIDS’ vision of “Zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths.”

The 2011 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS was adopted by the UN General Assembly in June 2011. The Declaration contains 10 targets including:

1. Reducing sexual transmission
2. Preventing HIV among drug users
3. Eliminating new HIV infections among children
4. 15 million accessing treatment
5. Avoiding TB deaths
6. Closing the resource gap
7. Eliminating gender inequalities
8. Eliminating stigma and discrimination
9. Eliminating travel restrictions
10. Strengthening HIV integration


UNAIDS in India