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Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District

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About the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district
Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/402/download?token=_xjtFpwm

Brief About Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar Nawansahar District
About District
Nawanshahr district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab in November 7, 1995 on the auspicious occasion of birthday of Sh. Guru Nanak Dev Ji as the sixteenth district of Punjab State. District name has been derived from the head-quarter town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr town is said to have been built during the reign of Alaudin Khilji (1295-1316) by his Afgan Military Chief Nausher Khan. Previously it was called "Nausar" but with the passage of time, the town came to be known "The Nawanshahr". Nausher Khan had constructed five forts known as Havelis, whose remains still exist.

People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled in countries like Canada, UK, and USA etc. Consequently huge remittance is being received by their kith and kin back in India which contribute to the economic development and prosperity of the district.

All the towns and the villages are well connected by roads. Nawanshahr has also rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon. District enjoys the rare honour of being the birth place of Shahid Bhagat Singh whose ancestral village Khatkar Kalan falls in it.

Nawanshahr got district status after a long and consistent struggle by its people. The main credit goes to Late Sh. Dilbag Singh former Agricultural and Forest Minister Punjab who actualized the dream of the people of Nawanshahr. He was a known personality and was first elected as a Member of Legislative Assembly from Banga Assembly Constituency in 1962. Since 1967, he had contested election from this constituency and had raised his voice in favour of achieving district status for Nawanshahr. The district got many kinds of facilities, concessions and opportunities to develop due to great endeavour by this legendary personality. Many villages were covered under Unnat Gram Scheme in 1968. Also, the Nawanshahr Cooperative Societies Sugar Mill Ltd., came into existence in the same year. The other major tasks accomplished during his time were enormous. To mention a few such as all the villages of the district got electrified under ‘Rural Electricity Project’, construction of link roads, construction of new schools and upgradation of many schools, provision of health services in each block of the district, sanctioning from govt. an Industrial Training Institute and college for the district and promoting industrial units establishments in the district.

Beant Singh Government constituted a committee to work out the feasibility of elevating Nawanshahr District whose chief was S. Hardyal Singh, IAS. But due to departure of S. Hardyal Singh abroad, this work was handed over to Sh. A.S.Punni, IAS. In his report he strongly recommended creating Nawanshahr, a new district. With many ups and downs and regular coherent struggle at last on November 7th, 1995 S. Harcharan Singh Brar inaugurated this new district of Punjab.

The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is sky-scraping and almost far more than the rest of the districts in the state. This is merely because of the foreign currency sent by the NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad.

This region has abundant Health facilities. Here private clinics and nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have latest medical equipments. There are adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are provided all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district health services are available. Vetinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

Honor of establishment of Blood Donors Council goes to Professor Hajari Lal Bansal who is a well-known social activist and father of the blood donate revolution in Punjab. Sh J.B.Goyal, the then District Magistrate and Dr. Jasvinder Singh (Raja Hospital) also helped in forming the council. Blood Donors Council is the one and only one self controllable institution for which Punjab Government has provided services of separate medical officer. This is also the single institution that has the power of a blood bank.

Location

Nawanshahr district is situated in 31.8 N and 76.7E part of Punjab on the right bank of mighty river Sutlej. The Distance of State capital Chandigarh (Known as the most beautiful and planned city of India) from the district is of ~92 Kms. Nawanshahr District is surrounded by four districts. The west border of the district touches Jalandhar, east border touches with RoopNagar (Ropar) district, the northern border of the district meets with district Hoshiarpur and in south it touches with Ludhiana (known as the Manchester of India) and Kapurthala District.

Area and Population

The Nawanshahr district is one of the smaller districts of Punjab and is having an area of 125833 hectares consisting of population of 586637 as per 2001 census (provisional). The land of District Nawanshahr is fertile due to the presence of river Sutlej and irrigated through tubewells and canals except some part of the Balachaur sub-division falling in Kandi Area.

Rainfall

The average annual rainfall in the district is 70 cm. The rainfall in the district in general increases from the south-west towards the north-east. About 70 % of the annual normal rainfall in the district is received during the period July to September, July being the rainiest month. Some rainfall is received mostly as thunder showers in June and in association with passing western disturbances in the cold season. The variation in the rainfall from year to year in the district is appreciable. In the 80 year, 1901 to 1980, the highest annual rainfall amounting to 181 %of the normal occurred in 1917. The lowest annual rainfall which was 55 %of the normal occurred in the year 1905. In the same period, the annual rainfall in the district was less than 80 per cent of the normal in 22 years.

On an average, there are 36 rainy days (i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more) in a year in the district. The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded at any station in the district was 30mm.

Temperature

After February, temperature begin to rise rapidly. June is generally the hottest month with the mean daily temperature at about 41C and the mean daily minimum at about 27C. Scorching dust laden winds blow on many days in the summer season and the day temperatures on individual days may reach above 45C. Afternoon thundershowers which occur on some days during the summer bring welcome relief though only temporarily. With the onset of monsoon by about the end of June or early in July, the day temperature drop down appreciably. But the nights continue to be a warm during the summer. Due to increase moisture in the monsoon air, the weather is often sultry and uncomfortable, in between these rains. After about mid-September when the monsoon withdraws temperatures decrease, the drop in the night temperature being rapid. January is generally the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 19Cand the mean daily minimum at about 6C.

Humidity

During the brief south-west monsoon months and for spells of a day or two in association with the passing western disturbances high humidity prevails in the district. In the rest of the year, the humidity is low. The driest part of the year is the summer season when in the afternoons the relative humidity is 30 %or less.

Cloudiness

The skies are heavily clouded and over cast on a few days during the south-west monsoon and for spells of a day or two in association with passing western disturbances during the cold season. During the rest of the year, the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.

Winds

Winds are generally light in the district. In the south-west monsoon season, winds from direction, between north-east and south-east, are common but on many days in the afternoons westerly to north-westerly winds predominate, except in the latter half of summer, when easterlies and south easterlies blow on some days.

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