Non Communicable Diseases

There has been a big shift in the health burden of the country with a change from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). High level officials from the Government of India and from World Health Organization [WHO] met on March 11, 2005 at Chennai during the 3rd Madras Diabetes Research Foundation – University of Alabama National Seminar on “Epidemiology of Non-communicable diseases” to discuss about the health burden due to NCDs. The members felt the need of constituting a network of professionals with expertise in NCDs for capacity building, for conducting high class research in NCDs in India as well as to formulate health care policies for preventing NCD in India. The team felt that the members of the network must be eminent scientists, researchers and policy makers who work on non-communicable diseases (NCD) particularly diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer as they are critical health problems in India where more research and prevention programs are urgently needed.

India is facing an epidemiological transition accompanied by health transition, which has resulted in an epidemic of NCD’s
More than one fifth (20%) of the world’s population lives in India and an additional 15 million Indians live elsewhere. Recently there has been a paradigm shift in the health problems in the country from communicable disease to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which include diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, mental illness, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer etc.

India: first to adapt the Global Monitoring Framework on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
Every year, roughly 5.8 million Indians die from heart and lung diseases, stroke, cancer and diabetes. In other words, 1 in 4 Indians risks dying from an NCD before they reach the age of 70.

“Heart diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory diseases now affect younger and younger people,” says Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director of WHO South-East Asian Region. “The millions of productive individuals lost prematurely to NCDs are seriously undermining social and economic development.”

But the country is not watching and waiting for the burden to grow. Instead, the Government of India is taking immediate action and targeting the greatest risk factors contributing to NCDs—unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use, and air pollution.

Noncommunicable diseases
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are a group of diseases that affect individuals over an extended period of time causing socio-economic burden to the nation. The major NCDs share four behavioral risk factors- unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and use of tobacco and alcohol. Factors contributing to the rise of NCDs also include ageing, rapid unplanned urbanization and globalization.

In 2008, NCDs accounted for 5.2 million deaths in India. A rising trend in the burden of NCDs is expected in the years ahead.

We plan to do einterviews with MBBS doctors to understand 4 things
1) Tests or questions you ask in first few meetings
2) What it means in medical terms
3) What it means in non medical terms
4) What should the patient or care takers do

We might interview Aurvedic doctors, homeopathic doctors, Yoga teachers on this health issue

Video links
Non communicable diseases

Noncommunicable Diseases and their Risk Factors

Non-Communicable Diseases
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