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Migration programmes Migration : Funding proposals by various stakeholders

Migrant Well-being and Development - the seventh report in IOM’s World Migration Report (WMR) series - focuses on the migrant, exploring the positive and negative effects of migration on individual well-being. Many reports linking migration and development concentrate on the broad socioeconomic consequences of migratory processes, and the impact of migration on the lives of individuals can easily be overlooked. In contrast, the WMR 2013 focuses on migrants as persons, exploring how migration affects quality of life and human development across a broad range of dimensions.

Aajeevika Bureau

Identity Solutions For Migrant Workers
In response to the lack of documentation and valid identity proof among migrant workers, Aajeevika Bureau offers a comprehensive registration and Photo ID service. The Photo ID is an immensely popular offering and well over a thousand cards are issued every month to migrant workers.

Aajeevika Bureau's Photo ID is authorised by the Government of Rajasthan's Department of Labour through an official order issued in 2008. It is backed by a simple form which captures important demographic, occupational and migration related information. The information is verified and the card is signed by the Sarpanch - the elected head of village Panchayats.

This simple yet powerful innovation has gone beyond being just a proof of identity - it is also serving as a gateway to several services for migrant workers. There are several instances where the Photo ID has helped workers avoid undue harassment by police in far off locations. The Photo ID card is also being accepted as an identity proof for access to a number of social security schemes of the government.

Registration and Photo ID has helped the larger goal of creating a valid database of migrants. This database is shared with the government regularly and it contributes to the development of a legitimate migration profile of the state.

Legal Education and Aid
Migrant workers are part of India's vast informal and unorganized economy. As a result they are often at the receiving end of malpractices, unfair wage deductions and fraudulence. They are often caught in a chain of contractors and middlemen and have little recourse to legal help. There are also few opportunities for workers and employers to resolve their disputes through a fair and transparent process.
In order to respond to the growing instances of labour disputes the LEAD cell offers legal education, aid and counselling to migrant workers and their employers. The legal aid service includes legal literacy, mediation between parties and litigation assistance in special cases. The LEAD Cell organises legal clinics at field centres where workers, contractors and employers are invited to settle their long standing disputes.

The LEAD cell has also pioneered several labour protection initiatives /tools such as labour attendance diaries, model contracts for casual workers and a wide array of material for labour education. There is also a cadre of community based paralegal workers who engage in workers' education and counselling.

Labour Line is a phone based helpline for workers to call in and seek immediate advice and guidance in the event of distress or problems encountered at work. Labour Line operates from a call centre set up in the LEAD cell and it handles well over 200 calls every month from workers from Rajasthan, and Gujarat. Labour Line derives its support from a strong network of organisations, social activists and volunteers.

Worker's collectivisation

Migrant workers engaged in sectors such as construction, brick kiln work, head-loading, small manufacturing, domestic work and agriculture etc are an unorganised and dispersed workforce. As a result they are unable to demand better wages and oppose exploitation at work place. Their seasonal presence in the labour markets makes it difficult to create longer term organisations and leadership among them.

Through mobilising and promoting occupation based collectives Aajeevika Bureau has helped migrant workers come together to find solutions to their common problems. The collectives act as pressure groups for resolution of disputes with employers and step in with support for member workers in distress. In many cases workers collectives are playing an active role as intermediaries in state's social security schemes intended for unorganised sector workers.

Since construction workers comprise the single largest workforce, the largest number of collectives has been formed among them. Aajeevika Bureau has also p


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Wipro Ltd.

In Pune, Wipro Cares work with an NGO called the Door Step School to train and equip teachers to engage with migrant children, this project is called Parivartan.

Social Responsibility IMPACT

Migrant children are more comfortable with trained teachers thereby reducing their dropout rate
Teachers trained here have helped take the number of beneficiary children up to nearly 600 per year.

Social Responsibility DETAILS
Door Step Schools (DSS) as the name suggests, takes learning to the door steps of children who cannot make it to regular schools. For the past 17 years, DSS has been running informal classes in and around Pune with the intention of facilitating their progression into regular schools.

In 2007, DSS conducted a survey of the construction boom in Pune and estimated that by 2011 there will be at least another 25,000 children migrating to the city with their parents who are construction labourers. There was an urgent need to take care of the learning needs of these children. DSS wanted to build its capacity through the training of teachers.

Parivartan selects women from financially weak families to undergo training. The training program is spread over seven weeks, with practical training being a module.


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