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Mandla District

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About the Mandla district

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Brief About Mandla District

Mandla is a tribal district of Madhya Pradesh.The district Mandla is situated in the east-central part of Madhaya Pradesh. The district lies almost entirely in the catchement of river Narmada & its tributaries. A district with a glorious history, Mandla comprises of numerous rivers and endowed with rich forests. The world's famous Tiger Sanctuary, Kanha National Park located in the district, is one of the hottest targets for both the domestic as well as foreign tourists. The extreme length of the district is about 133 Kms. from north to south and extreme breadth is 182 Kms from east to west. It covers a total area of 8771 Sq.Km. and consists a total population of 779414. There are 9 blocks 4 Tehsils and 1214 villages in the district.Mandla district is surrounded by holy river Narmada.


Mandla district derives its name from the headquarters town, Mandla. Three traditions about the name Mandla are more or less prevalent in the area. Caption H.C.E. Ward recorded its puranic details relates Mandla to the Sanskrit word 'Mandal' meaning a circle; because the river Narmada almost girdles the town on three sides. According to another view, the real name of Mandla is said to have been 'Mahish-mandal', or 'Mahishmati' of ancient Sanskrit literature, which was the capital of Kartvirya of the thousand arms from whom where sprung the Garha-Mandla kings. Under the clear cold light of criticism, however, the weakness of the story becomes palpable; the Mahishmati of Sanskrit legend has been proved by Dr. Fleet to be Mandhata in Nimar disrtict, whereas our Mandla is probably a survival of the word, 'Mandla' or feudatory state. The Brahmans identify it with Mahismati which is said to have been one of the ancient seats of the Haihaya princes. The Mandla is not probably the name of a place, as it mean only a district. The original name might have been Mahishmati-Mandla, of Mahes-Mandla, which has now become simply Mandla. The third view of the probable origin of the name is that the word 'Mandla' is probably a survival of the word 'Mandal' or feudatory division of the kingdom of the Kalachuri kings of Tripuri.


Mandla district is located in the east-central part of the Madhya Pradesh. It is a eastern part of the Jabalpur district. The district forms a part of Satpura hills, which separates the cotton growing of the south from the wheat growing extension of the Malwa Plateau on the north, and is the watershed of three district river systems. It lies between the latitude 220 2' and 230 22' north and longitude 800 18' and 810 50' east. The tropic of cancer thus passes through the north of the district. The total area of the district is 13,269 Sq. Km. Thus before bifurcation it was the 6th largest district in the state. Its extreme length is about 133 km. from north to south and extreme breadth 182 Km. from east to west. The total population of the district was 12,91,263 persons as per census of 1991. Highly irregular in shape, it is not possible to describe it by comparison with any geometrical figure. However, if one looks at the map of the district, it would tend to assume a scorpion like appearance. The district is bounded on the north-west by jabalpur district; on the north and north-east by Shahdol district; on the south-east by Bilaspur-Rajnandgaon district; on the south by Durg and Balaghat district and on the west by Seoni district. With the promulgation of Madhya Pradesh reorganisation of district has been bifurcated into the Mandla and Dindori districts. The Dindori, Shahpura Tahsils and Mehandwani development block formed Dindori district while rest of the area existed in Mandla District.


Mandla District extends over the highest plateaus of the Stapura ranging grow 500 meters to 500 meters above mean sea level. Thus in comparison with the low-lying plains of Jabalpur and Raipur on the north and south it is cool and exhilarating. Thus the climate of this district is characterized by hot summer season and general dryness except in the southwest monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the hot season from March to about the middle of June. The period from mid-June to September is the southwest monsoon season. October and November constitute the post monsoon or retreating monsoon season.


This is a meteorological observatory in the district at Mandla and the records of this observatory may be taken as fairly representative of the conditions prevailing in the district in general. There is a steady increase of temperature after February. May is the hottest month with the mean daily minimum temperature at 41.30 C and the mean daily minimum at 240C.On individual days during the summer season the day temperature may go above 440C.The highest maximum temperature recorded at Mandla was 45.00C on 1954 May 22. The lowest minimum was 0.60 C on 1954 January 25


During the monsoon season relative humidity generally exceeds 75 percent. The air becomes drive after the withdrawal of the southwest monsoon. The driest part of the year is the summer season when in the afternoons relative humidity is less then 25 percent.


During the monsoon season skies are generally heaving clouded or overcast. In the rest of the year skies are mostly clear of lightly clouded.


Winds are generally light. During the southwest monsoon winds blow from directions between southwest and northwest. In the rest of the year winds are often from directions between north and east.