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Madhepura District

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About the Madhepura district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/524/download?token=5DNrTp_U

Brief About Madhepura District

1.    The present Madhepura district had already got the status of subdivision on  09/05/1845 in which there were seven blocks. Saharsa district today was then the revenue circle of Madhepura at that time. When Saharsa became a district on 01/04/1954, Madhepura became its subdivision. Madhepura subdivision which had seven blocks at that time, was given the status of a district on 09/05/1981.On 21/05/83 Uda-kishunganj Block was upgraded and made a subdivision of Madhepura district in the name of Uda-kishunganj. Besides seven old blocks, four new blocks came in to existence in the year  1994. There were Gwalpara, Puraini, Bihariganj and Shankarpur. First thee blocks come under uda-kishunganj subdivision and last one is under Madhepura subdivision. Later on two more new blocks were constituted in the name of Ghailar and Gamaharia, under Madhepura subdivision in 1999.

Old History

2. 
(i) Singheshwarsthan has the religious significance from the ancient time as this land was the meditating place of the great rishi, Shringi. Hence this place is considered to be the most pious for the Hindus.

(ii) the people of “Bhant Community” living in Basantpur and Raibhir village under shankarpur blocks is the proof of the reign of Kushan Dynasty in these areas.

(iii) The coins found in Sahugarh village is the proof of the visit of Sikander Sah in Those days.

(iv) The pillar of maurya at Uda-Kishunganj proves the fact that this areas was under the reign of Maurya. A mosque of the time of Akbar is still present in Sarsandi village under Uda-Kishunganj p.s. Which shows its historical importance.

3.    Climatic  Condition

Madhepura district is situated between 25 31 and 26 20 latitude and in the middle of 86 36 to 87 07 longitudes. The maximum temperature of this district ranges from 35 to 40 degree Celsius and the minimum temperature varies from 7 to 9 degree Celsius. The average rail fall in this district is 1300mm.

4.    Cultivating Land Utilisation


The total areas of land for cultivation is 1,36,646 Hectare. Besides these, There is 1772 hectare of famished land which can be used for cultivation. 1272 hectare of barren land is covered with sand and rest areas of barren land is 3644 hectare. Procurement areas of paddy crop is 52165 hence, wheat is grown in 31431 hectare of land, maize in 34098 hectare of land, sugarcane is 801 hectare of land and potato is grown in 1442 hectare of land. Coconut Development  Board, owned by Central Government, is situated in this district.

5.    Facilities of Irrigation


Irrigation facilities to 77414 hectare of land are available in the district. The total number of state boring in the district is 3018 where as, 914 borings are owned and operated by the different people of this district. The total number of state tube wells in the district is only 31.

6.    Industries and business

The condition of the industries and business is the district is beggar’s description due to the lock of proper development in the field of agriculture and industry. No big industry has been set up in the district. Even the condition of the small scale industries is not satisfactory. Only eight small scale industries are running in the district besides there, 2875 very small industries are running here.

The registered unit under factory act is 323 and 2981 persons are employed in there units. There are 200 marketing societies and 21 markets in the district under market management. 32 weekly markets are also held in this district. There are five nationalised banks in the district, giving their services to industrial and commercial areas with its 64 branches.

7.    Animal wealth and poultry
The statistics of animal wealth and poultry in the district is as follows:              Buffalo (High breed) - 2177              Buffalo (General breed) - 109407              Cow (High breed) - 9285              Cow (General breed) – 165429

Along with the above statistics, there are about 222886 goats, 30580 pigs are tamed. Under poultry industries about 110720 ( Cocks and hens) are estimated

.8.    Rural Electrification


The condition of the rural electrification is deplorable. Only 161 villages are electrified.

9.    Facilities of rural Communication

In the matter of road communication, this district is the most backward of all the districts of Bihar. The length of metalled road in this district is only 317 km. and the total length of unmetalled road is 376 km. which is very less in Comparison to the total areas of the district. Besides these, there are 8 state dispensaries/sadar hospital,146 primary Health center,16 Animals hospitals and 3 artificial breeding centers in the districts.

10 .Tele  Communication

Two Telegram offices and 102 post offices are functioning in the district.

District   Profile  

The Madhepura District is located in the North Eastern part of Bihar state at longitude between 25.34’ to 26.07’ and  latitude between 86.19’ to 87.07’ . The total area of  the district is 1888.54 sq. Km. The district was a subdivision of Saharsa District. It has been made full fledged district on 09.05.1981.

The District is situated in the plains of river Koshi. Prior to Koshi Project the entire district was fully affected by the flood of Koshi. Now three Blocks namely Alamnagar, Chousa and Puraini blocks are affected. Rest blocks are almost flood free.  The district is basically an agricultural district.About 90 % population depends on agriculture and dairy. There is no big industry only some small scale industries are running but due to power shortage their conditions are not good.         

So far the Communication is concerned, this district is linked with metre guage rail of North  Eastern Railway. This district is located on Katihar, Purnea,Saharsa section .

The district is connected with state Hq. by a road which starts from  N.H.31 at Mahesh Khut . But unfortunately every year this road is breached by flood water disrupting the only road link not only with this district but the whole Koshi Division. This year too the entire area is cut off from state Hq. due to breaches on the road by recent flood.

So far power is concerned, it is supplied from Barouni Thermal power station. Power supplies is unadequate and erratic .

11.Police Administration

There are 8 police stations, 6 subsidiary police station and 5 out posts are at work in the districts

12.Educatio
834 Govt. schools are imparting education in the districts. Bhupendra Narayan Mandal University is situated at the district headquarter, Madhepura and adding glory to the educational atmosphere of this district.

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