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Lalitpur District

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About the Lalitpur district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/813/download?token=jrmCtXdC

Brief About Lalitpur District

UNDELKHAND - A GENERAL INFORMATION

THE PRESENT REGION OF BUNDELKHAND LIES BETWEEN APPROXIMATELY  23.10 DEGREES  AND 26.27 DEGREES (NORTH) LATITUDE AND 78.4 DEGREES AND 81.34 DEGREES (EAST) LONGITUDE, AND COMPRISES FOUR DISTRICTS OF CHITRAKUT DIVISION, THREE DISTRICTS OF JHANSI DIVISION, FIVE DISTRICTS OF SAGAR DIVISION AND ONE DISTRICT OF GWALIOR DIVISION. THE CULTURAL BUNDELKHAND, HOWEVER, SPREADS BEYOND THIS REGION AND TOUCHES PARTIALLY SEVERAL OF THE ADJACENT DISTRICTS, NAMELY BHIND, GWALIOR, MORENA, SHIVPURI, GUNA, NARSINGHPUR, HOSHANGABAD, JABALPUR AND SATNA ETC.

LALITPUR DISTRICT                                                          

CARVED OUT AS A DISTRICT IN THE YEAR 1974 LALITPUR IS REALY NOT ONLY THE HEARTLAND BUT ALSO HEARTSHAPED DISTRICT OF BUNDELKHAND REGION. THIS DISTRICT LIES BETWEEN LATITUDE 24 DEGREE 11 MINUTS AND 25 DEGREE 13 MINUTS (NORTH) AND LONGITUDE 78  DEGREE 11 MINUTS AND 79 DEGREE 0 MINUTS (EAST) AND IS BONDED BY DISTRICT JHANSI IN THE NORTH, DISTRICT SAGAR IN THE SOUTH, TIKAMGARH AND CHHATARPUR DISTRICTS IN THE EAST AND SHIVPURI AND GUNA DISTRICTS IN THE WEST. THE GEOGRAPHICAL AREA OF THE DISTRICT IS 5,039 SQ. KM.

TOPOGRAPHY

THE AREA IS GENERALLY ROCKY. THE HIGHEST GROUND IS IN THE EXTREME SOUTH WITH SCRAPS OF THE VINDHYAN  PLATEAU , RUNNING FROM THE BETWA IN SOUTH - EASTERLY   DIRECTION AND GRADUALLY BREAKING UP INTO A CONFINED  MASS OF HILLS, PARTS OF WHICH APPROACH A HEIGHT OF 650 M ABOBE MEAN SEA LEVEL. THE NORTH OF THE SCRAP, UNDULATING PLAIN OF BLACK SOIL INTERRUPTED WITH SCATTERED HILLS AND SCOURED BY NUMEROUS DRAINAGE CHANNALS, STRETCHES NORTH BEYONDS THE TOWN OF LALITPUR AND GRADUALLY BECOMES MORE ROCKY. LOW RED HILLS OF GRANITOID ROCK THEN APPEAR WITH LONG RIDGES RUNNING FROM SOUTH- WEST TO NORTH- WEST.

MOST OF THE AREA IS BIENG DRAINED BY RIVER JAMNI AND ITS TRIBUTARIES WHICH FORM ITS EASTERN BOUNDRY, SEPARATING IT FROM TIKAMGARH DIATRICT. RIVER BETWA FROMS THE WESTERN AND NORTHERN BOUNDRY AND DRAINS THE WESTERN PART OF THE DISTRICT. THE SOUTH EASTERN PART IS PARTLY DRAIND BY DHASAN RIVER. IN GENERAL THE SLOPE IS TOWARDS THE NORTH.

THE HILLS IN THE SOUTH GENERALLY OCCUR IN SMALL GROUPS OR IN CONTINUOS NARROW CHAIN RUNNING PARALLEL TO EACH OTHER  FROM NORTH-EAST TO SOUTH-WEST, THE RIDGES BEING MOSTLY BARE AND SHARP. THE SLOPS ARA STILL COMPARATIVELY MORE COVERED WITH SCRUB JUNGLES.

THE PLATEAU IS INTERSECTED BY WIDE VALLEYS PARTICULARLY IN THE SOUTH WEST; AND THE ENTIRE TRACT, ONCE COVERRED WITH VEGETATION, LOOKS BARREN THESE DAY. MINING HAS AFFECTED THE WHOLE AREA CONSIDERABLY.

FROM THE BASE OF THE PLATEAU TO THE TOWN OF LALITPUR THERE STRETCHES A BLACK SOIL PLAIN WHICH IS DISSECTED BY A NYMBER OF SEASONAL RIVULETS AND IS CHARACTERIZED BY AN UNDULATING TOPOGRAPHY. THE PRINCIPAL RIVERS WHICH TRAVERSE THE AREA ARE THE SHAHZAD, THE SAZNAM AND THE JAMNI.

THERE IS AN UNEVEN RED SOIL TRACT MARKED BY THE EXISTENCE OF NUMEROUS BARE OR ROCKY HILLS DOTTED WITH SCRUB UPTO THE NORTHERN PART OF LALITPUR AND MEHRONI TEHSILS. IT IS ALSO TRAVERSED BY LONG QUARTZ REEFS AND DIVERSIFIED BY LINES OF ROCKY HILLS.

The Soils

The soils of Lalitpur are also representative of Bundelkhand comprising all the four varieties. The soils here have developed from the Vindhyan ranges of rocks which in this area are formed of gneiss, granite, quartzite and at times sandstone, limestone and slate.

The soils of the district are divided into two broader categories.

1. Black  and  2. Red soil groups.

The four varieties of soils are derived from these two groups which are as follows :

1. Bundelkhand Type - 1 : is under the red soil group and locally known as rakar which is also of two types : one known as Bundelkhand 1A which occurs mainly around the rocky ridges in the southern most part of this district while the latter, classified as Bundelkhand 1B, mostly occurs in the northern part of the district. These are not very appropriate for farming but only suitable for afforestation. These soils are also subject to severe hazards of erosion; therefore need to be conserved through embankments.

2. Bundelkhand Type - 2 : or parua. it is also a red soil subdivided as Bundelkhand type 2A and Bundelkhand type 2B. The 2B-soil is found in the central tract of Lalitpur district. This is sandy loam in texture, mature in profile and light to dark grey in colour. This loves water and also needs irrigation during farming.

3. Bundelkhand Type 3 : This is black soil group and consists of two kinds, The type 3A is locally known as kabar and the type 3B is the mar. It resembles very much the black cotton soils as found in central India. The kabar soil which is a coarse grained loam in texture and mature in profile, has high clayey element. It occurs mostly in the southern part of tehsil Lalitpur and Mahroni. This is a very productive soil but needs very careful and timely management; otherwise it becomes difficult to handle.

The mar soils are found around Balabehat in the southern part of tehsil Lalitpur. It is highly clayey in texture, mature in profile and black in colour. This is also a water retaining soil like the kabar but low in coarse sand and soulble salts. The drainage is poor on these soils and management has to be very careful like that in kabar soils.

A strip of alluvial soil is also found in the western part of Lalitpur district.

The climate of the district is the Central India type sub-tropical and may be characterised by a very hot dry summer and cold winter. Like other districts of the Bundelkhand region, this also shows four distinct seasons. Summer being from March to mid-June, Monsoon from mid-June to September, post-monsoonal transition between October and November while the winter months are December to February.

GEOLOGY

Geologically, Lalitpur is an interesting district as it comprises the rocks varying in age from 50 to 3000 million years. Except the southern fringe where the rocks belonging to Bijawar group, Vindhyan group and Deccan traps are exposed, the whole part of the district is occupied by the geological succession of the area as follows :

1.  Deccan Trap : Small outlines of Basalt with intra-trappean beds occur at places in the southern part in the form of flat topped hills. Soil, sand and alluvium have covered major parts of the terrain.

2.  Vindhyan group of rocks : Vindhyans comprising sandstones and quartzite are exposed at the southern fringe of the district and forms great Vindhyan scarps.

3.  Bijawar Rocks : Bijawar consists of limestone, dolomite, quartzite, shale, sandstone, banded hematite quartzite, basic dykes and lavas belonging to Bijawar group are exposed in a narrow zone in the south of the granitoid complex. The Bijawars are folded to form a large West-South-West plunging synclinorium, the southern limb of which is concealed below the Vindhyan rocks. The northern limb is traversed by several strike and oblique faults.

4.  Dykes and veins : The granite activities were followed by intrusions of aplite, pegmatite diorite, granite porphyry, quartz reefs, dolerite and secondary veins of quartz and epidote. Aplite and pegmatite seen as minor veins are present in all the granite rocks. The porphyries particularly common in the northern part of the district (near Jamalpur-Talbehat etc.) generally trends in ENE-WSW direction. These are cut by reefs of quartz which are trending in NE-SW direction. The dolerites are trending in NW-SE direction.

5.  Granite gneiss, migmatite and granite : The granite gneisses and migmatite are closely associated with schistose rocks and exhibit minor folding. Medium grained granite gneiss which is porphyroblastic at places form low mounds in the area. The leucocratic fine to medium grained granite represents intrusive phase and forms bold hills.

6.  Meta-sedimentaries and meta basites : which occur as enclaves within the granitic rocks forms good exposures in Mehroni Tehsil. The meta-sedimentaries mainly comprise of quartzite, quartzose schist and quartz sericite schist. The meta-besites are represented by peridotite, serpentinite, pyroxinite and amphibolite rocks. The scattered small exposures of these rocks are also found at many other places.

MINERALS

Pyrophyllite and Diaspore : These have been worked out at Tori-Bar and also at Patha area of Lalitpur district.

Iron Ore : To be used as sponge Iron, this ore has been located in Barwar-Girar area and also at Solda.

Base Metals : Extensive mineralization of copper in linear zones of weathering and state-bound lead-zinc has been investigated by the Directorate of Geology and Mining in the lower members of the Bijawar group near Sonrai.

Uranium : Uranium-Bitumen mineralization has been established in the upper parts of the Sonrai formation and is confined to brecciated zones with calcopyrite, galena, sphalerite, coffinite, bitumen quartz and calcite.

Glass Sand : Large exposures of Dhandhraul quartzite have been reported to exist in the Murari and Talbehat forest reserve. This is a sedimentary quartzite often occuring in friable belts on gently sloping ground under a covering of soil. GSI (Geographical Survey of India) has analysed these samples which could be used for the manufacture of plate-glass, sheet glass and white bottles.

Lime Stone : A highly siliceous lime stone is found near Piprat in smaller quantity

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