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Koraput District

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About the Koraput district

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Brief About Koraput District

The district of Koraput derives its name from its headquarters the present town of Koraput. In ancient times when the Nalas were ruling over this tract, Pushkari near modern Umarkot was the capital city.  In the medieval period Nandapur developed as the capital under  the  Silavamsi  kings  and  sometimes  under  theKoraput with her rolling mountains, undulating meadows, roaring rapids, enchanting waterfalls and terraced valleys leading up to verdant hills, feasts the eyes as few other districts can.  Koraput  with her golden autumn and misty mornings of the monsoon months, her  painted  spring, and  slumbering  summer  and her winter ranging from fierce to mild provides varieties  of living in different seasons which is rare elsewhere.  Here in spring nature and man vie with each other to make living joyous.  Koraput with her people who have been living as they lived many thousand years ago and yet accepting newcomers of the latest development of homo-sapiens, with her tribes who enjoy the joys of life today as they ever did before, living in their hamlets hidden in arbours in picturesque valleys, provide education and entertainment for the Anthropologist  which few other regions provide elsewhere. Indeed Koraput is a museum of old and new in nature and human endeavour. Human endeavour surpasses itself by producing power  from falling water, by manufacturing intricate machines and  consumer goods and welcoming into the district  and providing homes and occupation for many thousands of persons displaced from their homes, who till then had no hope of calling any place a home of their own. Koraput has both plant life and wild life which would give years of study to the Biologist and limitless adventure for the hunter. “Had I been merely a lover of fine sceneries (of wild life and of mankind) I would have felt little desire to seek elsewhere its gratification”.kings of the Solar dynasty.  Viravikrama Deo of the Solar dynasty shifted his headquarters to  Jeypore about the middle of the 17th century and this town prospered as  the capital. Koraput was chosen by the British in 1870 for better health prospects. The origin of the name of Koraput is obscure. There are several theories, none of which is convincing

Accroding to  Mr. R.C.S.Bell the name of the town is ‘Kora-Putti’ or”the hamlet of the nux-vomica” and it is derived presumably from a tree or trees that must at one time have been prominent near the site. But today not a singly tree of nux-vomica is to be found near about the town of Koraput and so the assumption or Mr. Bell is open to question.   

Accroding to second theory, Koraput is corrupted form of ‘Karaka pentho’ Karaka literally mans ‘hail-stone’.

It is also believed that one ‘Khora Naiko’ laid foundation of the village during the time of Nandapur kings. He hailed probably from Ranpur and served under the Nandapur kings in the Militia, and for his faithful and meritorious services he has permitted to establish this village which was named after him as Khora Putu, and later on the name has beenabbreviated to ‘Koraput’.