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Kolar District

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About the Kolar district

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Brief About Kolar District
Kolar District is situated in the state of Karnataka, India and belongs to its semi-arid drought prone region. It lies between 770 21' to 780 35' east longitude and 120 46' to 130 58' north latitude, extending over an area of 8,225 sq. km. Among other things, this district is famous for the large quantities of gold that are available for extraction in the Kolar gold mines. The primary languages spoken here are Telugu and Kannada. Other languages spoken are Hindi and Urdu. It has many historic places like Mulbagal, Bangaru Tirupati, Kotilingeshwara, Nandidrug, Lapakshi, Antara Gange, Markandeya Hill near Vokkaleri, Temple of Kolaramma (constructed by Chola dynasty) and Someshwara Temple. Kolar was called as Kolahalapura during the middleages which as time passed came to be known as Kolar.

Kolahahapura in Kannada ment violent city, as it was the battlefield for the warring kingdoms of Chalukyas in the north and Cholas to the south. Kolar was under Chola rule for a period of time. Cholas were builders of great temples as the Brihadeeshwara temple in Tanjore. They built the Kolaramma and Someshwara temples. There are carvings in tamil on the temple walls which proves that it was built by the Tamil speaking Cholas. Before the Cholas, Gangas ruled over Kolar and it was their capital for a short period of time before moving to Talakad in Mysore.

As a District Headquarters, Kolar has room for many communities and represents a mini-India. The first Chief Minister of Karnataka, the late Mr. K. C. Reddy, was from Bangarapet Taluk of the Kolar District. The architect of the world famous Brindavan Gardens, Sir M. Vishweswaraiah, was also from Kolar. The major sources of employment are agriculture, dairy and sericulture.Hence it is popularly known as the land of "Silk, Milk and Gold too". One has to visit the fields of the Kolar District to see the actual agriculture, since farmers there are totally dependent upon borewell water for irrigation and drinking. Most of the gold mines in Kolar Gold Fields were closed during the 1990s due to reducing deposits and increasing costs.