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Kodagu District

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About the Kodagu district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/663/download?token=O4DB3Q6H

Brief About Kodagu District
History

Kodagu was a kingdom rulled by the Hoysalas from the 11th to the 14th century A.D. and thereafter by the Vijayanagar kings and the Chengalvas. The Wodeyars of Kodagu ruled from the 17th to the 19th century. The British annexed Kodagu in 1834 after dethroning Chikkaveerarajendra Wodeyar. It was administered by Chief Commissioners till Independence and then in 1952, as a category 'C' state, had a representative in the Rajya Sabha. Upon the reorganisation of states in 1956, Kodagu became a district of Karnataka State.

Geography
Kodagu is one of the smallest districts in Karnataka comprising of 3 taluks - Madikeri, Somwarpet and Virajpet.

Madikeri, a hill station, is the headquarters of Kodagu

Kodagu's greatest length from the Hemavathi river in the north to the Brahmagiri range in the south is about 96 kms and its greatest breadth from Sampaje in the west to Kushalnagar in the east is about 60 kms.

The district has an area of 4,102 sq.km and 30 percent of the district is forest area. Its population as per 1991 census is 4,85,229. The district has a mountainous configuration which presents a grand panorama of verdant valleys, ravines, fast flowing streams, lofty peaks and awe inspiring spurs. The major peaks are Tadiandamol, Brahmagiri and Pushpagiri Hills.

The largest river in Kodagu district is the Cauvery with its principal tributaries Hemavathi, Lakshmanathirtha, Kakkabbe and Harangi or Survanavati, flows in an easterly direction and river Barapole flows towards west.

Kodagu is a veritable botanists' paradise with more than 1,300 species

Climate
The climate of Kodagu is cool, equable and pleasant. The district has very moist rainy monsoon climate.
Winter lasts from January to February
Summer from March to May
South-west monsoon from June to September
North-east monsoon from October to December

Rainfall
June, July and August are the months with heavy rainfall and July is the rainiest month. The rainfall during south-west monsoon is about 80% of the annual rainfall in the Western Ghat region. The average annual rainfall during the last couple of years is 2800 mm. Bhagamandala, Pullingoth and Makutta are three of the 14 heavy rainfall stations in India, the other station in Karnataka being Agumbe in Shimoga district

Temperature
The mean daily minimum temperature is the least in January at about 14.2o C. During December to February the minimum temperature may go down to 6o C. Temperature begins to increase from mid February and reaches climax in April and May with mean daily maximum temperature at 28.6o C. With onset of south-west monsoon temperature decreases in June and weather becomes pleasant. Best season to visit Kodagu district is between November and May

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