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Kasargod District

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About the Kasargod district

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Brief About Kasargod District
Kasargod is the northern-most district of Kerala State. It is spread in North-West and South-East axis. It is about 82 KMs in length and is more than the double of the East-West axis which is 40 KMs long at its broadest point. Kasargod District lies between NORTH Latitudes - 11o18' and 12o48' EAST Longitudes - 74o52'and 75o26' The distance from the state capital Thiruvananthapuram is 575 Kms. Boundaries WEST - Arabian sea NORTH & EAST - Karnataka State SOUTH - Kannur District

The district is marked off from the adjoining areas outside the State by the Western Ghats which run parallel to the sea and constitute an almost continuous mountain wall on the eastern side. The Ghats dominate the topography. The coastline is fringed with low cliffs alternating with stretches of sand. A few miles to the interior, the scene changes and the sand level rises towards the barrier of the Ghats and transforms into low red laterite hills interspersed with paddy fields and coconut gardens. Based on physical features, the District falls in to three natural division. The low land, bordering the sea, the mid land consisting of the undulating country and the forest, clad high land on the extreme east. There are mainly four types of soils namely, sandy, sand loam, laterite and hill or forest soil. The sandy and the sandy loam soils exist as a continuous narrow belt all along the Western coast about 20 Kms in width. The land of the district can be categorized in detail as follows. (a) Steeply slopy hill lands, (b) Upland plateau, (c) Deep gorges with steep side slopper and very narrow valleys. (d) Border valleys bounded by subdued hills, (e) Coastal plain and marine plain, and (f) Nearly level lowland plains along the coastal plain.

There are 12 rivers in this district. The longest is Chandragiri (105 kms) originating from Pattimala in Coorg and embraces the sea at Thalangara, near Kasargod. The river assumes its name Chandragiri from the name of the place of its source Chandragupta Vasti; where the great Maurya emperor Chandragupta is believed to have spent his last days as a sage. The second longest river is Kariankod (64 kms), across which a dam is being built at Kakkadavu. Shiriya (61 kms), Uppala (50 kms), Mogral (34 kms), Chithari (25 kms), Nileshwar (47 kms), Kavvayi (23 kms), Manjeswar (16 kms), Kumbala (11 kms), Bekal (11 kms) and Kalanad (8 kms) are the other rivers. These rivers provide ample irrigation facilities.

The diversity of the physical features results in a corresponding diversity of climate. The climate of the district is classified as warm, humid and tropical. The average maximum temperature is 31.2oC and minimum is 23.6oC. Though the mean maximum temperature is only around 90oF, the heat is oppressive in the moisture laden atmosphere of the plains. Humidity is very high and rises to about 90 percent during the south-west monsoon. The annual variation of temperature is small, the durinal range is only about 10oF.

Rainy Season The mean annual rainfall of the district is 3581mm, which is highest in the state. (The state average is 3063). The south west monsoon starts towards the end of May or the beginning of June, heralded by thunder-storms and hold till September when the monsoon fades out. October-November brings the north-east monsoon. Out of the total rainfall, the months June, July & August experience 2/3 of the quantity. Rainfall during the year 2001 in mm.