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Jind District

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About the Jind district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/583/download?token=qHChqpSr

Brief About Jind District

ORIGIN AND NAME OF THE DISTRICT
The district derives its name from its headquarters town Jind that is said to be a corruption of Jaintapuri. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of Mahabharta. According to an old saying the Pandavas built a temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.

Location, Boundaries And Area Of The District

Location
The district lies in the North of Haryana between 29.03’ and 29.51’ North latitude & 75.53’ and 76.47’ East longitude. On its East and North-East lie the districts of Panipat, Karnal and Kaithal respectively. Its boundary line on the North forms the inter-state Haryana- Punjab border with Patiala and Sangurar districts of Punjab. In the West and South-West it has a common boundary with district Hisar & Fatehabad and in its South and South-East lies the district of Rohtak and Sonipat respectively.

Area
The area of the district is 3,606 square kilometers.

Sub-Division & Tahsils The district is divided into three Sub-Divisionns, Jind Safidon and Narwana. The Jind Sub-Division comprises two tahsils, viz. Jind and Julana. While the Narwana, Safidon Sub-Divisions comprises the Narwana & Safidon tahsil respectively .

PHYSIOGRAPHY
The district of Jind stretching in the northwest to southeast direction occupies the north-central part of the Haryana. Physiographically, it constitutes a part of the Punjab-Haryana plain, which is largely flat and featureless and is formed of Pleistocene and sub-recent alluvial deposits of the Indo-Gangetic system. Wind action in the past and man’s role in recent times have played a prominent part in shaping the relief of the district which is located in a transitional zone between the sub-humid districts Kaithal, Panipat and Karnal in the east and the semi-arid district  Hisar in the west.

Broadly speaking, the district is a flat, monotonous upland plain. It is evident from the fact that the general elevation of the district ranges between 218 meters and 239 meters above sea level. As the spot-heights are examined more closely, one discovers that there is no general and consistent trend in the slope of the area. However, the northern part of Narwana tahsil presents a saucer like shape having the highest elevation of 239 meters in the extreme  north near Sanghan village. As one moves south-westward, the ground level gradually declines reaching its lowest of 226 meters near the town of Narwana from where it again starts rising until it reaches 232 meters near Durjanpur village almost on the district’s border. The southern half of the district, consisting of Jind and Safion tahsils on the other hand offers a fradual east-to-west slope. The highest point in this part of the district is reached near village Bahri (232 meters) and the lowest elevation of 218 meters is met near Rajpura village in the west along the district border with Hisar district. 

There are minor undulations in the general physiographic formation of the district. These undulations characterise the area having been subject to wind action in the past and owe their existence to the presence of sand dunes, sand ridges and depressions at places. The sand dunes/ridges are now stable generally having a local relief of 2 to 6 meters. The largest and the highest sand dune of the district lying north-west of Kakrod village (Narwana tahsil) on Hisar-Jind border is 2 Kilometers long and quarter a kilometer wide and has a local relief of 6 meters. This is the area where large sand ridges occur the most, particularly to the south-west of Kakrod village. Other areas where sanddunnes occur frequently are (i) the area along Hisar border between Sulhera village in the north and Danauda Khurd village in the south where the local relief ranges between  2 to 5 meters; (ii) the area in the vicinity of village Ashrafgarh, especially south-west and south of the village where the sand dunes rise from 2 to 4 meters above the local relief (iii) the small area lying to south of Julani village (west of Jind town); and (iv) the area in the proximity of Jai Jai Wanti village in Jind tahsil which has wide undulations but where the local relief variations do not exceed 4 meters.

These sand ridges apart, one also comes across thee depressions at places. The largest of such depressions lies south of Bhambewa village in Safidon tahsil just on the district border with sonipat district. This depression extends over 1.5 kilometers of length and about one kilometers of width and is about 5 metres deep. Another depression occurs north of village Bithmara (Narwana tahsil ) which extends over 1 kilometer in length and about half a kilometer in width. The third lies to south of Safidon near village Bahaderpur and it extends over one kilometer in length and kilometer in width.

In brief, the district does not offer much physiographic diversity. It is  flat, featureless, alluvial upland plain dotted only sporadically with sand dunes and depressions, yielding a local relief of not more than 6 metres either way. 

Drainage : With regard to the drainage pattern, the complete absence of major or minor rivers/streams defies any detailed discussion on drainage. However, it is necessary to mention the entry and termination of Chautang river into the district near the village Mundh and its termination near village Bosini into Karnal district after covering about a distance of ten kilometers in Jind district

GEOLOGY 
The district, by and large, is underlain by the quaternary alluvium, comprising chiefly clays, sand of various grades, kankar and occasionally gravel and pebbles. It has been observed that the clayey material generally constitutes between 31 and 81 percent of the caustic sediments down to a maximum drilled depth of about 151 meters from the ground level. Granular material comprising chiefly fine to coarse grained sand with occasional pebbles appear to be ventricular in shape with their longer axes generally running in the north-south direction.

Climate
The climate of this district is on the whole dry, hot in summer and cold in winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from november to march is followed by hot season which lasts till the onset of the south-west monsoon. The monsoon withdraws by 15 September and is followed by the Post-monsoon or the transition period.

Rainfall
The average rainfall over the district as a whole is 55 cm. It generally increases from south or south-west to east or north-east. Over 70 per cent of the annual rainfall is received during the monsoon months of July to September. July and August are the rainiest months, together accounting for over 50 per cent of the annual rainfall. Per-monsoon rainfall in June constitutes just about 10 per cent of the annual normal. Some precipitation, constituting about 10 per cent of the annual rainfall, is also received during the winter months of December to Februrary in association with western disturbances which pass across the district or its neighborhood from west to east, affecting the weather over the district in this season. The variation in annual rainfall from year to year is large. In 48 years during 1901 to 1948, Jind which is the only station in the district with a long period of rainfall record, had 220 per cent of the annual normal rain in 1933 and only 29 per cent in 1939. Considering the rainfall in individual years during 48 years, it was less than 80 per cent of the annual normal in 15 years, including one spell of consecutive 5 years and one of consecutive two years. The average number of rainy days for the district is only 25 out of which 18 days are confined to the months of June to September and 4 days to the winter months of December to March. This shows that rainfall occurs mainly as showers.

The heaviest rainfall recorded in the district in 24 hours was 225.5 mm at Jind on 11th July 1953.

Temperature
There is no meteorological observatory in the district, On the basis of records  of the observatories in the neighboring districts where similar climatic conditions prevail, it is stated that from the beginning of March, temperature increases rapidly till June which is generally the warmest month. The mean daily maximum temperature during June is around 41C and the mean daily minimum around 27C. The heat in summer in intense. On individual days, the day temperature may occasionally exceed 47 or 48 C. Scorching dust laden winds which blow during the hot season render the weather very tiring. Afternoon thunder showers which occur on some days bring some relief although only temporarily. With the onset of the monsoon by the end of June or beginning of July there is a drop in the day temperature but the nights are nearly as warm as in June. Due to the increase humidity in the air, the weather is oppressive between the rains. After the withdrawal of the monsoon by about the middle of September there is a decrease in temperature, the fall in the night temperature being more rapid. After October both day and night temperature decreases rapidly. January is usually the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 21 C , and the mean daily minimum at about 6 C in the cold season. Particularly in January and February, cold winds in the wake of passing western disturbances affect the district and the minimum temperature occasionally drops down to below the freezing point of water.

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