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Jehanabad District

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About the Jehanabad district

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Brief About Jehanabad District
Jehanabad was carved out of old Gaya district on 1st August, 1986. It was a sub-division of the Gaya since 1872. The main aim behind the creation of this district was to accelerate the pace of development in tandem with tackling the problems of extremism, poverty, unemployment and underdevelopment.

The city of Jehanabad, which is the head quarter of the district, is situated at the confluence of the rivers Dardha & Yamuna. According to the provisional estimate, this district is situated in between 25-0’ to 25-15’ degree north latitude and 84-31’ to 85-15’ eastern north latitude. Its surrounding districts are the district of Patna in north, Gaya in south, Nalanda in east and the newly created district of Arwal in the west. Major part of the land in the district is plain. The rivers Sone, Phalgu, Dardha & Yamuna cris-cross the district. The river Sone that touches the western part of the district is the only perennial river. Rest of the rivers are seasonal. The river Phalgu has got religious importance where the Hindus offer “PIND DAN” to their fore fathers.

The climate of Jehanabad is of extreme nature, i.e. very hot in the summers and biting cold in the winters. The average rainfall of the district is 1074.5 mm. Out of the total rainfall 90 percent comes from monsoons. The economy of the district is agriculture based. The soil is very much fertile known as “KEWAL” in local terms. This soil is very suitable for the production of rice, wheat, cane, etc.

The district of Jehanabad has a certain place in the history of India. The description is found in the famous book “aine-e-akbari”. The book says that the place was badly affected by famine in the 17th century and people were dying of hunger. The Moghul Emperor Aurangzeb, in whose time the book was re-written, established a Mandi for relief of the people and named the “Mandi” as “JAHANARA”. The Mandi was under the direct control and supervision of Jahanara. It is believed that she spent a great deal of time here. In the course of time, the place came to be known as “JAHANARABAD” and later as “JEHANABAD”.

The language spoken here is “MAGAHI”, a dialect of Hindi.

Administrative Structure
There is one sub-division and seven blocks in this district. The blocks are Jehanabad, Makhdumpur, Kako, Ghoshi, Modanganj, Hulasganj and Ratni. The last three blocks are of recent origin. Besides the district police headquarter, there are 13 reserved Police Stations in the district.

The district is linked both by road route and rail route. The Patna-Gaya branch railway line, popularly known as the “P.G. Line”, crosses through this district and links the main line of Patna and Grand Chord Line of Gaya. There are four-railway stations and 31 km long railway line in this district. The road route is via Masaurhi block of Patna district, which goes directly to Gaya via Makhdumpur block of this district.

Jehanabad district is a predominantly agricultural district. The soil is highly fertile. This district is densely populated. Paddy, wheat, maize and pulses are the main agricultural crops raised by farmers in the district. Cane is also grown in some parts of the district.

Land Utilisation
The total land available in the district is 3,87,157 acres. Forest coverage is very small having less than 0.5% of the total available area under forest. The net sown area available for cultivation is 2,67,833 acres, which is 69.18% of the total available land.

No major minerals are found in the district.

Industrial Area
There is an industrial area in the district of Jehanabad which is spread in the area of six acres on Jehanabad-Kako Road

Sub Divisions Jehanabad.
Blocks Ghosi, Jehanabad, Makhdumpur, Kako, Sonebhadra, Bansi, Surjpur, Ratnifridpur, Hulasganj, Modanganj.
Agriculture Paddy, Wheat, Lentils.
Industry ..
Rivers Phalgu.