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Jamui District

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About the Jamui district

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Brief About Jamui District
At a Glance
Jamui was formed as a District on 21st February, 1991 as a result of its separation from Munger. It is located at a Longitude of 86º-13'E and the latitude is 24º-55'N.

There are approximately 401 people per sq. km.

The average literacy figures for Jamui stands at 42.74%. (Male - 52.91%, Female - 26.79%)

Historical Perspective
Various literatures indicate the fact that Jamui was known as Jambhiyaagram. According to Jainism, the 24th Tirthankar lord Mahavir got divine knowledge in Jambhiyagram situated on the bank of river named Ujjihuvaliya. Another place of a divine light of Lord Mahavir was also traced as "Jrimbhikgram "on the bank of Rijuvalika river which resembles Jambhiyagram Ujjhuvaliya.

The Hindi translation of the words Jambhiya and Jrimbhikgram is Jamuhi which is doveloped in the recent time as Jamui. With the prassage of time, the river Ujhuvaliya /Rijuvalika is supposed to be deoveloped as the river Ulai and as such both the place are still found in Jamui . The Ulai river is still flowing nearby Jamui. The old name of Jamui has been traced as Jambhubani in a copper plate which has been kept in Patna Musuem. This plate clarifies that in the 12th century, Jambudani was nothing but today's Jamui. Thus, the two ancient names as Jambhiyagram and Jambubani prove that this district was important as a religious place for Jains and it was also a place of Gupta dynasty in the 19th century, the historian Buchanan also visited this place in 1811 and found the historical facts. According to other historians Jamui was also famous in the era of Mahabharata.

According to available literature, Jamui was related to Gupta and Pala rulers before 12th century. But after that this place became famous for Chandel rulers. Prior to Chandel Raj, this place was ruled by Nigoria, who was defeted by Chandels and the dynasty of Chandels founded in 13th century. The kingdom of Chandels spread over the whole of Jamui. Thus Jamui has a glorious history.

Geographical Setup
The topography of the district is of diverse nature. Some parts are hilly and some are plain areas. Chakai, Sono, Jhajha, Khaira, Giddhour and Jamui Blocks are having a bulk of hilly terrain. The total geographical area of the district is 3,122.80 square km. The cultivable land is 3,05,289 hectare out of which, 76,955 hectare is under cultivation. The non cultivable land is 1,49,602 hectare, whereas the forest cover is 38,685.49 hectare. The climate of the district is also of diverse nature because in some parts, it is very healthy and pleasant whereas some areas face extremes of the climate. The average annual rainfall of the district is 1,102.9 mm. In summer, the average maximum temperature is 41ºC and avg. minimum is 28ºC and in winters it is 27ºC and 13ºC respectively. The major rivers flowing in the district are Kiul, Burnar, Sukhnar, Nagi, Nakti, Ulai and Bunbuni.