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Jalaun District

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About the Jalaun district

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Brief About Jalaun District
JALAUN, a town and district of British India, in the Allahabac division of the United Provinces. Pop. of town (1901), 8573 Formerly it was the residence of a Mahratta governor, but never the headquarters of the district, which are at Orai.

The DISTRICT OF JALAUN has an area of 1477 sq. m. It lies entirely within the level plain of Bundelkhand, north of the hil country, and is almost surrounded by the Jumna and its tribu taries the Betwa and Pahuj. The central region thus enclosec is a dead level of cultivated land, a'most destitute of trees, ant sparsely dotted with villages. The southern portion present almost one unbroken sheet of cultivation. The boundary river form the only interesting feature in Jalaun. The river Non flows through the centre of the district, which it drains bj innumerable small ravines instead of watering. Jalaun ha suffered much from the noxious kans grass, owing to the sprea of which many villages have been abandoned and their land thrown out of cultivation.

Pop. (1901), 399,726, showing ar increase of i %. The two largest towns are Kunch (15,8* and Kalpi (10,139). The district is traversed by the line of th Indian Midland railway from Jhansi to Cawnpore. A small par of it is watered by the Betwa canal. Grain, oil-seeds, cotto and ghi are exported. In early times Jalaun seems to have been the home of two Rajput clans, the Chandels in the east and the Kachwahas in he west. The town of Kalpi on the Jumna was conquered for the jrinces of Ghor as early as 1196. Early in the i4th century the Jundelas occupied the greater part of Jalaun, and even succeeded n holding the fortified post of Kalpi. That important possession svas soon recovered by the Mussulmans, and passed under the way of the Mogul emperors.

Akbar's governors at Kalpi naintained a nominal authority over the surrounding district; and the Bundela chiefs were in a state of chronic revolt, which ulminated in the war of independence under Chhatar Sal. On he outbreak of his rebellion in 1671 he occupied a large province o the south of the Jumna. Setting out from this basis, and .ssisted by the Mahrattas, he reduced the whole of Bundelkhand. 3n his death he bequeathed one-third of his dominions to his Vlahratta allies, who before long succeeded in annexing the whole )f Bundelkhand. Under Mahratta rule the country was a prey ;o constant anarchy and intestine strife. To this period must )e traced the origin of the poverty and desolation which are still conspicuous throughout the district. In 1806 Kalpi was made over to the British, and in 1840, on the death of Nana Gobind ias, his possessions lapsed to them also. Various interchanges of territory took place, and in 1856 the present boundaries were substantially settled. Jalaun had a bad reputation during the Mutiny. When the news of the rising at Cawnpore reached K.alpi, the men of the 53rd native infantry deserted their officers, and in June the Jhansi mutineers reached the district, and began their murder of Europeans. The inhabitants everywhere revelled in the licence of plunder and murder which the Mutiny lad spread through all Bundelkhand, and it was not till Septem-Der 1858 that the rebels were finally defeated.