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Ghazipur District

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About the Ghazipur district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/796/download?token=cvgtl9IZ

Brief About Ghazipur District
Ghazipur was covered with dense forest in Vedic era and it was a place for Ashrams of Saints during that period. This place is related to the Ramayana period where Maharshi Yamdgni, the Father of Mahrshi Parsuram resided over here.The Famous Rishis Gautam & Chyavan were given teaching and sermon here in ancient period. The Lord Buddha who gave the first sermon in Sarnath,Varanasi which is not very far from here. The Aurihar area of Ghazipur district became the main center for teaching of Lord Buddha. Many stoopas and pillars are the main evidence of that period. Chinese Traveller Hiuen Tsang had visited this area and described this place as Chanchu "The Land of Battle Fields" .

This Place was the main center in medieval period from Sultanate period to Mughals. In Tughalk period, Zuna Khan, alias Muhammad Tuglak established the Jaunpur as the capital under which the Ghazipur was ruled . In the regime of Zuna Khan, the Saiyyad Massod Ghazi established this town , by defeating he Raja Mandhata, the ancestor of brave King Prithvi Raj Chauhan. In Lodhi Period, the Naseer Khan Nuhani was the Administrator of Ghazipur who changed its conditions. This Area was the main center during Mughal period when Babar took over the charge of Ghazipur and Muhammad Khan Nuhani became its administrator. In the reign of Akbar, the Afghan Ali Kuli Khan took over the charge of Ghazipur and developed the town Zamania. After the Death of Aurangjeb this area was taken by Jamindar Mansa Ram . Thereafter, Ghazipur came under the suzerainty of the Banaras state and Raja Balwant Singh, the Son of Mansa Ram became the King of Ghazipur.After the attack of Warren Hastings, the then Governor General of the British rule, this area was ruled over by various British rulers. The Lord Cornwallis, who was very famous for reforms in land came to visit this place and accidentally died. In his memory a beautiful tomb which attracts the tourist is also present in Ghazipur City.

This Area is Fertile with Great Freedom fighters. The Hero of Ist Freedom movement ( which is popularly referred to as Sepoy Movement ) Mangal Pandey comes from this soil only. The Famous Nilha Sahib Revolt is Associated with this place where the Farmers revolted against the British & they set on fire various Indigo Godowns. The Ghazipur Plays and has played a major role in India's Freedom Struggle

After Independence, Ghazipur could not develop as it used to be in the past. But this soil gave brave soldiers like Brig. Usman, Paramveer Chakra awarddee Veer Abdul Hameed, Ram Urgrah Pandey. In recent times Ghazipur showed its notable bravery in Kargil victory against Pakistan in 1999

Climate
The Ghazipur is situated in eastern part of Uattar Pradesh, hence the climate of Ghazipur is not very Hot or Cold. The coldest months here are December-January and the hottest months are May-June. The Temperature varies from 5°   to 17°  centigrade in winters and 30°    to 42°   in summers. But some times winter temperature ebbs to 3°  C and summer temperature shoots up to 45° C. In the summers, which begin from March and last till Mid June the temperature starts rising and sometimes it reaches 45° C.speedy westerly winds known as "Loo" lash the district in day times , but night are pleasant and cozy. After scorching heat  from mid or last of June  a pleasant change in weather occurs. The south-west monsoon advances and covers the district around June-end and rainy season begins which goes till October. After the recession of south-west monsoon , the winters descend on the state from 15th October. It continues till the end of February. Though cod winds pierce through in the night , days remain bright and warm with clear blue sky during this period. Apart from few wintry downpours the weather remains dry and friendly.

Rainfall- The annual rainfall in the district was between 800 mm. and 1200 mm and in 1997 the rainfall was 1034 mm. On the average there are 49-55 rainy days ( days with rain fall of 2.5 mm or more ) in a year in the district.

Temperature- There is no meteorological observatory in the district. but by help of observatory in Geography Department, P.G. College. the May-June are hottest month with mean daily max. temp. at about 41° C and mean daily minimum about 26° C. January is generally the coldest month with mean daily maximum temp. at about 23° C and mean daily minimum at about 9° C. According to Sankh Partika 1997, the Maxm. Temp. 42.7° C and minimum Temp. 2.0° C of District.

Humidity- During July and September the relative humidity are high being over 70 %. During the Post-Mansoon and winter season the humidity is high in the morning . By summer , the relative humidity become very low i.e. less than 25 %.

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