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Gaya District

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About the Gaya district

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Brief About Gaya District

Sub Divisions Gaya Sadar, Neemchak, Bathani, Sherghati, Tekari.
Blocks Atri, Belaganj, Mohanpur, Konch, Barachatti, Manpur, Gurua, Tekari, Imamganj, Gaya, Sadar, Wazirganj, Fatehpur, Paraiya, Sherghati, Bodh Gaya, Khizarsarai, Amas, Dumaria, Bankey Bazar, Dobhi, Tankuppa, Nimchakbathani, Guraru, Muhra.
Agriculture Paddy, Wheat, Potato, Lentils.
Industry Oil Mills, Sugar Factory, Lac, etc.
Rivers Phalgu.

How to Arrive
Gaya is an important Junction in the Mughalsarai-Dhanbad Grand Chord Section of the East Central Railway (erstwhile Eastern Railway). It has direct Train Services from New Delhi, Howrah and Mumbai. It is about 1100 Km away from New Delhi and 450 Km away from Kolkata (Howrah Junction). Altogether Four Rajdhani Express Trains apart from other Super-Fast trains take you directly from Delhi to Gaya. While Rajdhani Express takes 12 hours, the other Mail Express trains take 15 to 17 hours. From Kolkata it is an overnight journey of approximately Six hours. It has direct train links from Puri, Nagpur, Indore, Lucknow , Patna as well

Gaya has one International Airport. Indian Airlines operates Bi-weekly Kolkata-Gaya-Bangkok and Kolkata-Gaya-Yangoon flights and Druk Airlines of Bhutan operates Paro-Gaya-Bangkok bi-weekly flights. With the completion of New Terminal Building, more Domestic and International flights are expected to be added to the fleet.

Gaya is well connected by Roads (National Highways) as well. The Grand Trunk Road (NH-31) touches Gaya at Dobhi, 30 km south joining Delhi & Kolkata Expressway. The state capital Patna is 120 km away and well connected by road (NH-83) and train services.

More on Gaya District
Gaya has experienced the rise and fall of many dynasties in the Magadh Region. From the 6 th century BC to the 18 th century AD, about 2300-2400 years, Gaya has been occupying an important place in the cultural history of the region. It opened up with the Sisunaga dynasty founded by Sisunaga, who exercised power over Patna and Gaya around 600 BC. Bimbisara, fifth in line, who lived and ruled around 519 BC, had projected Gaya to the outer world. Having attained an important place in the history of civilisation, the area experienced the bliss of Gautam Buddha and Bhagwan Mahavir during the reign of Bimbisara. After a short spell of Nanda dynasty, Gaya and the entire Magadh region came under the Mayuryan rule with Ashoka (272 BC – 232 BC) embracing Buddhism. He visited Gaya and built the first temple at Bodh Gaya to commemorate Prince Gautama's attainment of supreme enlightenment.

The period of Hindu revivalism commenced with the coming of the Guptas during the 4 th and 5 th century A.D. Samudragupta of Magadh helped to bring Gaya in limelight. It was the headquarter of Behar district during the Gupta empire.

Gaya then passed on to the Pala dynasty with Gopala as the ruler. It is believed that the present temple of Bodh Gaya was built during the reign of Dharmapala, son of Gopala.

Gaya came under the reign of Muhamaddan rulers in the 12 th century with Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji invading the region. For a short period thereafter, the Pathan Chief Sher Shah ruled over the place at the end of 16 th century. The place finally passed on to the Britishers after the battle of Buxar in 1764. Gaya, alongwith other parts of the country, won freedom in 1947.

Gaya finds mention in the great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata. Rama alongwith Sita and Lakshmana visited Gaya for offering PINDAN to their father Dasharath. In Mahabharat, the place has been identified as Gayapuri.

Gaya formed a part of the district of Behar and Ramgarh till 1864. It was given the status of independent district in 1865. Subsequently, in May 1981, Magadh Division was created by the Bihar State Government with the districts of Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad and Jehanabad. All these districts were at the level of sub-division when the Gaya district was created in 1865. About the origin of the name ‘Gaya' as referred to in Vayu Purana is that Gaya was the name of a demon (Asura) whose body was pious after he performed rigid penance and secured blessings from Vishnu. It was said that the Gayasura's body would continue to be known as Gaya Kshetra.
It would be incumbent upon all sons to offer PINDA (oblations) for the salvation of the soul of their ancestors. All the 360 vedis for pindadana were located within this Pancha Kosi Gaya Kshetra. The soul could be freed from the agonies of Hell and sent to Heaven by performing Gaya-Shraddha within this area. Gaya has been named after the demon.