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Gadchiroli District

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About the Gadchiroli district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/918/download?token=pAER3SqK

Brief About Gadchiroli District

Drs Rani and Abhay Bang named global ‘Heroes of Health’
Indian doctor couple, Rani and Abhay Bang, from the grassroots health organisation SEARCH have been included in TIME magazine’s ‘Heroes of Health’ list for 2005 for their pioneering work in cutting infant mortality rates

Van suraksha in Mendha-Lekha
A joint forest management project between the villagers and the State is working wonderfully to protect the deciduous forests of Gadchiroli.

Gadchiroli district was carved out on the 26th of August 1982 by the division of erstwhile Chandrapur district. Earlier, it was a part of Chandrapur District and only two places namely Gadchiroli and Sironcha were tahsils of Chandrapur District before the formation of Gadchiroli District.

Gadchiroli district is situated on the North-Eastern side of Maharashtra State & is well known for Naxalite activities; having State borders of Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh close by Naxalites have taken shelter in the dense forest & hills of this district.

Total population of the district is 9,70,294. Male and female population is 4,91,101 and 4,79,193 respectively(As per Census 2001). SC and ST population in the district is 1,08,824 and 3,71,696 (As per 2001 Census ). The literacy rate of district is 60.1%(as per census 2001). The Tribal Community population that resides in the district is 38.3 % ( As per Census 2001).

The district is categoried as Tribal and undeveloped district and most of the land is covered with forest and hills. Forests cover more than 79.36 % of the geographical area of the district. This district is famous for Bamboo and Tendu leaves. Paddy is the main agriculture
produce in this district. The other Agriculture Produce in the district are Jwar, Linseed, Tur, Wheat. The Main profession of the people is farming.

There are no large scale Industry in the entire district except the Paper Mill at Ashti in Chamorshi Taluka and Paper Pulp Factory at Desaiganj. Due to this, the district is economically backward There are many Rice Mills in the district as the Paddy is the main
agriculture produce here.The Tussar Silk Worm Centre exist in Armori taluka of the district. Only, 18.5 kilometers Railway route passes through the district.

Seven languages are spoken in the district ie, Gondi, Madiya, Marathi, Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, Chattisgadi.

The district is divided into three Sub-Divisions i.e. Gadchiroli, Aheri and Desaiganj respectively and each sub-division has four talukas. 467 Gram Panchayats and 1688 Revenue Villages. The district has three Legislative Assembly Constituencies namely Gadchiroli, Armori and Sironcha. Basically, the district is distributed into 12 talukas and 12 Panchayat Samitis. Only, two Municipaltis exist in the district i.e. at Gadchiroli and Wadsa.

The main river basin of the district is Godavari which borders the southern boundary of the district and flows West to East. The major sub-basins of the Godavari are Pranhita sub-basins which is named after the confluence of two major sub-basins ie Wainganga and Wardha River near Chaprala village of Chamorshi Taluka; and Indravati sub-basin.

The eastern part of district ie, Dhanora, Etappali, Aheri and Sironcha talukas; are covered by the forest. Hills are located in the areas of Bhamaragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad in the district.

LOCATION
Gadchiroli District is located on the North-Eastern side of the State of Maharashtra. It is situated between 18.43` to 21.50' North latitude and 79.45' to 80.53' East longitude and this essentially indicates the Gadchiroli District is located in the Deccan Plateau. The adjoining districts to Gadchiroli are Durg, Rajnandgaon of newly created Chhattisgarh State on the east, Chandrapur on the west, Bhandara on the north and Karim Nagar, Adilabad of Andra
Pradesh & Jagdalpur(Chhattisgarh State) on the South.

The District Head-quarter is situated at Gadchiroli which is 180 Kms away from Nagpur and 80 Kms away from Chandrapur and 200 Km from Bhandara . The district is surrounded on West, South and East by the Wainganga, Godawari and Indrawati rivers respectively.

Physical Features of the District
Geographically, Vainganga Khore is one of the particular area in this district. Gadchiroli, Armori, Chamorshi, Aheri and Sironcha talukas are covered under this area.

The major area of the district is having undulating topography on large scale. Except a narrow strip along Godavari and Pranhita rivers.

Main physio-graphic features of the district are the Sirkonda, Bhamragad, Aheri and Dandkaranya hill ranges with high to moderate relief.

The low land of the district shows rolling topography with isolated hillrocks.

The main river basin of the district is Godavari which borders the southern boundary of the district and flows West to East. The major sub-basins of the Godavari are Pranhita sub-basins which is given name after the confluence of two major sub-basins ie Wainganga and Wardha River near Chaprala village of Chamorshi Taluka; and Indravati sub-basin. The Sub-tributaries of these two sub-basins show a network of parallel drainage pattern.

The eastern part of district ie Dhanora, Etapalli, Aheri and Sironcha talukas are some what higher part of district and are covered by thick forest. Hills are located in the area of Bhamaragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad in the district.

The predominant soil cover in the district is clay, clay-gravel, sandy loam, deep black soil, reddish & yellowish brown soils on hill slopes, brown & gray soils of plains and laterite & lateritic soil.

Land Use Pattern
Total Geographical area of Gadchiroli district is 14412.0 Sq.Km. Out of this area, 11694.0 Sq.Km. i.e.78.40 % of the land is included in the reserve or protected forest category. Out of the remaining area, only 1960.0 Sq.Km. of the land is under cultivation and constitutes
only 13.14 % of the total land of the district.

Inhabited Area 1028.0 Sq.Km ( 6.89 %)
Agriculture Area 1960.0 Sq.Km ( 13.14 %)
Industrial Area 2.0 Sq.Km ( 0.02%)
Forest Cover 11694.0 Sq.Km (78.40%)
Wastelands 231.0 Sq.Km (1.55%)
Drought Prone Area Nil

GEOLOGY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY
Geologically the district contains almost all geological formations except Deccan Trap. The distribution of geological formation can be described in the following table.

Information on Distribution of Geological formation
The major lineaments trends are NW-SE, NE-SW and NS. The NW-SE linaments are more common and can be correlated to the trend of the Godavari. The longer lineaments are considered to be deep seated fractures in the crust.

A shear zone encompassing two parallel sets of lineaments has been marked trending NW-SE near Chamorshi town. Copper Mineralisation is associated with this shear zone.

Iron ore, base metals, barrettes, limestone, corundum, talc are some of the important economic minerals occurring in the district. The district can be divided into six geomorphic units of structural, denudational and fluvial origin.

Structural Origin : Structural Hill/ Ridges
Lithologically these consist of metamorphic rocks of Archaean and Proterozoic age.

Denudational Origin : Denudational Hills, Pediments / Pediplains
Denudational hills are low relief hills mostly covered with vegetation. While Pediments are concave surfaces developed at Junction of hills with the plains and exhibit undulating topography and are dissected.

Fluvial Origin : Older and Younger Alluvial Plains
The Wainganga and Godawari have developed extensive alluvial deposits along their courses. The older alluvial plain is a flat surface of large aerial extent gently sloping towards these rivers and representing an earlier cycle of deposition. The unconsolidated material in this unit consists of sand silt and kankar with thickness as high as 30 m. The younger alluvial unit
represents a later cycle of deposition.

RAINFALL
Gadchiroli district receives rainfall from South- Western winds mainly in the months of June, July, August and September. July and August are the months during which the maximum rainfall as well as maximum continuous rainfall occurs

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