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Fatehgarh Sahib District

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About the Fatehgarh Sahib district

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Brief About Fatehgarh Sahib District
The historic & pious District of Fatehgarh Sahib came into existence on 13th April 1992, Baisakhi Day, deriving its name 'Fatehgarh Sahib' from Sahibzada Fateh Singh, the youngest son of 10th Guru Gobind Singh, who were bricked alive by the orders of Suba Sirhind.The Tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh fought against the atrocities of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, due to which he bore the wrath of the Dynasty. The youngest Sahibzadas of Guru Ji namely Sahibzada Zorawar Singh & Sahibzada Fateh Singh alongwith their grandmother Mata Gujri were martyred here. The Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib has been constructed at this place in their holy memory.

It is bounded by Ludhiana and Ropar in the North, Patiala in the South, Ropar and Patiala in the East and Ludhiana in the West. It is situated between 30 degree-38' North & 16 degree-27' East and is 50 Kms. away from Chandigarh, capital of Punjab. The economy of the district depends mainly on agriculture and allied activities.

The district comprises of 454 Revenue Estates (Villages), out of which Bassi Pathana, Sirhind, Amloh, Gobindgarh, Khamano and Khera are the major towns of the district. The total area of the district is 1,18,219 hectares, out of which 1,15,511 hectares is rural area and 2,708 hectares is urban area. As per 2001 census, the population of the district is 5,39,657 (1,51,569 urban and 3,88,569 rural population). 3,51,446 persons of the district are literate, out of which 2,44,671 are rural and 1,06,775 are urban, which comes out to be 71.10%. Out of which, 78.85% are males and 68.60% are females.

There is 100% electrification in the district. All the villages and towns are connected by all weather pucca roads. Pepsu Roadways Transport Corporation, Punjab Roadways and a good number of Private Transport Operators are covering almost all the villages by road transport. Major towns of the district like Sirhind, Gobindgarh and Bassi Pathana apart from other small towns and villages of the district are connected with the State capital and rest of the country by `Rail'. There are 93 Post Offices and 66 Telegraphic Offices in the district. Total number of banks branches is 80 , out of which 22 branches belong to Fatehgarh Sahib Central Coop. Bank Ltd.. There are 49 branches of Commercial Banks, 5 branches of Malwa Gramin Bank and 4 Primary Agricultural Development Banks for meeting credit requirements of the people.

The soil of the district is mainly of alluvial type but it also has loam to heavy loam and sandy to sandy loam soils in certain parts of the district. The climate of the district is extreme being very hot in summer and cold in winter. The temperature ranges from 45 degree C in May/June to 4 degree C in December/January. It has sub-tropical continental monsoon climate. The rainfall is comparatively satisfactory.