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East Siang District

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About the East Siang district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/212/download?token=iRMq4yCO

Brief About East Siang District
Welcome to the East Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh.The East Siang District is a wild mountainous area and presents a remarkable topographical variety. The District has an area of 4005 sq.km. and is lying approximately between 27º 43' and 29º20' North latitudes and 94º 42' and 95º 35' East latitudes.

The Name of the district is derived from the Mighty River Siang that, originating from Tibet, where it is called Tsangpo, transcends down and flows through the entire length of the area until it descends down into the plains of Asam south of Pasighat town, where it meets Dihang and Lohit and becomes the Brahmaputra.

To the East Siang District in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Deriving its name from the Mighty Siang River, the District is the home of the Adi tribe, and is a land of eternal beauty. Often called as the 'gateway to Arunachal Pradesh' the place is worth a visit to have rendezvous with mother Nature in her purest form.

The People
The East Siang District is mostly populated by the Adi tribe which comprise of a large number of tribal groups and can be divided into various subgroups such as the Minyongs, Padams, Shimongs, Milangs, Pasis, Karkos, Ashings, Pangis, Tangmas and Boris. Taken as a whole, the Adis belong to the Astro-Mongolide race, are good looking, sturdy and vigorous.

According to Griession's linguistic classification, the language spoken in East Siang District are put together under the North-Assam group of the Tibeto-Burmese group. There are various theories regarding the original home of the Adis; however it seems probable that they came to their present habitat from the north, i.e., Tibet. River Siang had a major role in determining the route of migration of most of the Adi clans. However, the exact location of their original home in Tibet or beyond that is still to be ascertained.

The society in East Siang, like most parts of the state, is organized on the basis of clan and village and the social relationships are determined on the basis of kinship or locality. The family, called rutum, is the smallest social unit. The society is basically patrilineal and patriarchal and the sons inherit the property. One outstanding feature of the Adi society that sets it aside from the mainland is the absence of the caste system. Of course, there are some social distinctions, but all people eat together on social occasion and take their part in social councils.

Any mention of the Adi community of the district will not be complete without giving a brief account of the system of local-self government called Kebang. These village councils are time-honored socio-political institutions deriving their authority from tradition. They function as village governments expressing the will and power of the members of the society. The functions of these Kebangs are three- fold - judicial, administrative and developmental.

Dances
Dances are an integral part of the lives of the people of East Siang. These dances are simple, rythmic, colourful and participative. They are performed at the slightest pretext. Some of the famous dances are:

Ponung: This dance of the Minyong group of Adis is performed especially on the occassion of the Solung festival. The priest, caled Miri, rattles and ancient Dao (sword) and sings legands.
Popir: This dance is similar to Ponung but is performed on the occasion of Mopin festival of the Galos. The dancers wear white dresses and elaborate headgear of straw.
Dishang: This dance is performed by men folk. It is a community dance and sticks are used.
Tapu: This is an interesting martial dance. This is performed with long traditional swords, vigourous cries and rapid movements by men folk

What to See?
KEKAR MONYING, a mountain cliff near Rottung is an important historical place because it was here that the Adi put up a strong resistance against the British in 1911. The war was a part of a punitive expedition undertaken by the British for murdering Noel Williamson, a political officer in the previous year by Matmur Jamoh, a native of Yagrung village.

Komsing, a village on the left bank of the Siang is the place of Williamson's murder. A stone epitaph bearing the name of Noel. Williamson still lies near the Siang. GOMSI, a cultivation area near Rani village is another place of historical importance. In June'96 a team of archaeologists led by Shri T. Tada, Deputy Director, Archaeology of the Research Department conducted a trial excavation and survey in the site. They have found apart from broken pieces of different evidence of glorious past culture of early medieval period (probably Pre-Ahom).

The site has a big rectangular Canal measuring 3.5 meters wide and a pond measuring 38x36 mts. in the site. A mound has been unearthed inside the Canal area from where 13 different sizes of bricks have been found from it's brick wall.

Further excavation and extensive study is required to arrive at a definite idea about the 11.5 acres big settlement area.

D Ering Wild Life Sanctuary
The Daying Ering Wild Life Sanctury is located at a distance
of 13 kms. from Pasighat and is one of the few sancturies located on an island. One has to cruise through River Siangby country boat to reach the place. During September - February, a variety of migratory birds like cranes, wild-ducks, storks, water-fowlsand hornbils come here from far-off places making it a paradise for the bird watchers. Deers, wild elephants, buffaloes and smaller predators are also abundent. The lucky visitors may also have a glimpse of tiger.IS situated at a distance of about 60 kms. from Pasighat, and connected by road, it atands at a point where River Siyom meets River Siang and presents a rare sight. The blue waters of Siom meet the green Sinag and the beauty of the site is to be seen to be believed.

Besides above, the district is endowed with some exquisite scenic locations particularly on both sides of the Siang. There are also a number of rare plants and herbs which are of medicinal importance. Botanists amd Zoologists can have ample scope for study of the rich plant and wild-life resources.
The locals still maintain their traditional Socio-cultural practices and observe different festival like Mopin, Solung, Unying-Aran, Etor, Pime, Ali-Aye Ligang etc. They use various colourful costumes and perform dances like Ponung, Delong, Gumrak Soman, Yakjong, Tapu and various other folk dances. They can be of additional aspects of interest specially for sociologists, anthropologists and other culture tourists. Other places of interest are Yambung, Boleng, Ranaghat at Pasighat, Rottung, Ayeng village on the left bank of the Siang, Balek, J.N. College, Craft centre, Pasighat and District Museum run by Research Department.

Adventure Tourism

Adventure Sports
Recognising that tourism is a source of earning revenue and a catalyst for transforming the economy and developmental process of a State, the government of Arunachal Pradesh has been taking up certain schemes and policies to build up tourism infrastructure recently. The recent upgradation of the Department with a Directorate's establishment and launching of certain schemes like acquiring of suitable sites for construction of Tourist lodges, conducting of package tours, training of it's officials and encouragement to private tour operators are steps towards making tourism a viable economic base for the future of the State.

East Siang with it's exotic natural surroundings, rich forest and wild-life resources and pleasant climatic conditions is a potential district for harnessing the economic benefits from attracting tourists to the State. The district has adequate resources to offer following avenues of tourism to both domestic and foreign visitors.

1. Rafting:- The majestic Siang river flows through the heart of the district finally joining the Brahmaputra near Oriamghat in Assam. This river is suitable for adventurisms white-water rafting. Already three rafting expeditions from Gelling in far Upper Siang to Pasighat have been conducted successfully. Two of the expeditions were undertaken by Indian Army while the other one was organised by a joint Indo-Japanese team in 1990. Rafting down the 250 Km. long rapid starting from Gelling to Pasighat is an experience which few rivers in the country can match

2. Trekking & Mountaineering.Besides rafting, trekking and mountaineering has a high scope in the district. There are a number of fascinating hills like BAPI ADI, BAYOR ADI, KIKI, MESSING Plateau, RUM GONNG ADI AND REGAM DITE etc. Average altitute of these mountains is 3000 to 4000 feet from sea level. They are situated at both sides of the Siang and are approachable from Pasighat, Pangin and Boleng. Trekking can be organised near the banks of the Siang villages located along the Siang valley and the nearby hills.

3. Angling

SIMANG, a confluence of Siang and one of it's tributaries, Simang river is a popular angling spot near Boleng. An angling festival was organised in '95 by the Department of Tourism where some foreigners participated. Other suitable angling sites are the confluence of Siyon and Siang, Yambung, Dite-Dime etc.

Pasighat Town
Pasighat town, the headquarter of the East Siang District, is situated at an altitude of 155 metres above main sea level and is the oldest town in Arunachal Pradesh - established in 1911 A.D. A political Officer was appointed in that year with a view to help the natives of the area to come down to the plains of Assam for trade and commerce. It would not be wrong to say, therefore, that the people of East Siang District were the first natives of the state to come in contact with the mainstream; and, it is therefore that this district is called as `the gateway to Arunachal Pradesh' The mighty Siang riveris the life-line of the East Siang District and in Pasighat, it calms down before entering Assam south of Pasighat. The town covers an area of 4005 sq.kms. and supports a population of nearly eighty thousand persons.

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