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Diu UT

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About the Diu UT

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Brief About Diu District
Diu is a city in Diu district in the union territory of Daman and Diu, India. It is famous for being the location of the pivotal Battle of Diu in 1509 between Portugal and a combined force of Turkey, Egypt, Venice, Dubrovnik and the then Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada. It is an island lying off the south coast of Gujarat's Kathiawar peninsula, separated from the mainland by a tidal creek. It has an area of 40 km², and a population of 44,110 (2001 census). The town of Diu lies at the eastern end of the island, and is famous for its fortress and old Portuguese Cathedral. It is also a fishing town. The village of Ghoghla, which lies on the mainland opposite the eastern end of the island, is also part of the union territory. Note that in Google Maps you can find Diu with the name of Dangarvadi.

In 1535 Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat, concluded a defensive alliance with the Portuguese against the Mughal emperor Humayun, and allowed the Portuguese to construct a fortress and maintain a garrison on the island. The alliance quickly unravelled, and attempts by the Sultans to oust the Portuguese from Diu between 1537 and 1546 failed. The fortress, reconstructed by Dom João de Castro after the siege of 1545, still stands. The island was occupied by the Indian military on 19 December 1961.

Diu is located at 20.7° N 70.98° E. It is at sea level.

Area: 38.8 km².
Climate: Cool and dry.
Rainfall: 700 mm.
Tourist Season: September to May.
Clothing recommended: cottons in summer, light woollens in winter.
Languages Spoken: Gujarati, English, Hindi, and Portuguese.
Local transport is available from Una (Gujarat).

Laid-back island off the west coast of India, Diu has some of the most picturesque beaches in the country. The relaxed, no-rush attitude of the islanders — who thrive on the simple good life, fish and alcohol — is the best welcome for city folks.
Between the 14th and 16th centuries, Diu was an important trading post and naval base for the Ottoman Turks who controlled the northern part of the Arabian Sea. The Portuguese invaded the port in 1531 and soon built a majestic fort here. In 1961, Diu was finally freed from the Portuguese. The influence of the Portuguese is evident when one looks at the old churches, buildings and especially the Diu Fort.

The major tourist attractions in Diu are the Diu Fort, St. Paul's Church, Jallandhar Beach, Gangeshwar Temple, Diu Museum and Nagoa Beach. Diu Fort is an expansive and imposing structure, situated on the coast of the island. It was constructed between 1535 and 1541 AD and offers a magnificent view of the sea. St. Paul's Church is built during the 17th century. Diu museum houses wooden carvings, statues, idols, shadow clocks and other important artifacts collected from various sites. Nagoa beach is very beautiful beach.

The neighbouring district of Diu is Junagadh of Gujarat.

With an area of 38.8 sq. km., and a coastline of 21 km, the island of Diu is separated from the coast by a narrow channel on the north. Of the two tiny mainland enclaves, Ghoghla is the entry point to Diu if you arrive through Una, a town in Saurashtra. The branching palms, popularly known as Hoka trees, introduce from Africa by the Portuguese and coconut palms swaying and whispering in the gentle intoxicating sea breeze extend a fascinating welcome to the visitors in Diu.

The climate of Diu is pleasant throughout the year. It has sunny weather throughout the year and the annual rainfall is only 60 cms.

The ethnic mosaic comprises Hindus, Muslims and Christians. The colourful culture of this island is a mix of Kathiawadi (Saurashtra) culture blended with Portuguese legacy. Main languages spoken in the district are Gujarati, Hindi, English and Portuguese.

The historical Portuguese Fort, imposing churches, the golden sand beaches, blue sea waters, latest water sports, clean environment and friendly local population make Diu a perfect getaway for all seasons. It has excellent all weather road links with Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Bhavnagar and Vadodara. It also has daily air link (except Saturday) with Mumbai. Veraval the nearest railhead (90 Km) is connected to Ahmedabad.