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Dhule District

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About the district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/917/download?token=UWMUFQzg

Brief About Dhule District
The district of Dhule,formerely known as West Khandesh lies in the upper Tapi basin in the north west corner of Maharashtra State.The distinguishing feature of the topography of the district is that unlike Deccan plateau,the orienation of the district is towards west coast.It is bounded on the west by Gujarat State,on the north by Madhya Pradesh, and on the east and south by Jalgaon and Nasik district respectively. The district is separated from Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh States by Satpudas and from the Deccan by Satmala hill range and arm of the Sahyadri mountains stretching out in easterly direction..The district Headquarters is located at Dhule. Dhule city (1991 pop. 278,317),is in Maharashtra state, West central India, on the Panjhra River. Dhule is a district administrative center .The cotton textile mill at Dhule is the large scale industry in the district.There are other registered factories like cotton ginning and pressing & oil mills are also important. About one fifth of the total area of the district is under forest,which is substantial proportion as compared to State average.The forest in the district is reserved one and is one of the valuable forest in the State.The forest are mainly situated on the sopping hills of Sahyadri and Satpuda ranges. Dhule is served by a major rail line and a national highway. The nearest airport is in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The Rajwade Sanshodhan Mandal Museum (founded in 1932) in Dhule has collections of prehistoric stone implements and pottery, Mughal and Rajput paintings, coins, sculptures, and old manuscripts. Dhule is also the home of several colleges affiliated with the University of Jalgaon.

Dhule became part of the Mughal Empire in 1601, during the regime of Akbar. In the 18th century Dhule came under the Maratha regime. In 1818, after being taken over by the British,

Khandesh is mainly comprising of two districts Dhulia and Jalgaon and the three talukas Malegaon , Nandgaon and Baglan of Nashik District with headquarter at Dhulia . In 1869 the three talukas above referred were transfered to the newly formed district Nashik.

In the year 1906 for administrative purposes ,the Khadesh was divided in to two districts known as West Khandesh and East Khandesh . West Khandesh retaining Dhulia , Nandurbar , Navapur , Peta , Pimpalner , Shahada , Shirpur , Sindkheda and Taloda talukas of the old khandesh district .

In the year 1887 the Headquarter of Pimpalner taluka was transfered to Sakri and in 1908 the name was also changed to Sakri Taluka . In 1950 the Akkalkuwa was created as a new taluka .

In the year 15th Aug 1900 Dhule-Chalisgaon Railway was started.

In 1960 Dhule becomes a part of Maharashtra state from old Bombay state. From 1st - July - 1998 Dhule District in divided in two districts Viz.Dhule and Nandurbar . The Nandurbar is created as a new district. The District Dhule is now having Four Talukas Viz. Dhule,Sakri,Shirpur and Shindkheda with Headquarter at Dhule.

GEOGRAPHY
About one fifth of the total area of the district is under forest,which is substantial proportion as compared to State average.The forest in the district is reserved one and is one of the valuable forest in the State.The forest are mainly situated on the sopping hills of Sahyadri and Satpuda ranges.They are also situated on the plateaus in Shahade ,Shirpur Akkalkuwa,Navapur,Nandurbar,Sakri,Taloded Akrani Tehsils.They are of mixed deciduous type and are commercially very important.The most valuable species is found is Teak associated with Khari,,Palas,Sadada ,Shisam,Tiwas,Haldu,Kamal,Ain Biya,Dhawada,Shaman,Sala,Bor,Hivar,Anjan,etc.The other Commercially very important are (1)Tendu and Apta leaves used in Bidi industry(2)Mohwa flowers and fruits used in the manufacture of liquor(3)Khadai for gum (4)Palas for propagation of lac(5)Khari for house and field purposes.Bamboo is also found all over the Satpudas and it is chiefly used in the manufacture of paper.The forests have a number of Charoli trees which produce valuable dry fruits and are used for producing scented oil and has a great demand from outside the country There are three well marked belts running east to west.(1)the rich tapi valley In the center (2)the high and wild Satpudas in the north ,and (3)bare ridges and well watered Valleys separated by the Sahyadri ranges and innumerable dykes .All these belts run parallel To Tapi. There are two main hill ranges in the district,the Satpuda in the north and the Sahyadris and their off-shoots in west and south.The Satpudas a broad belt of mountain land stretching in a wall like manner and running from east to west cover the northern thesils of the district.The hills in these ranges posses considerable height.Toranmal with 1155 meters height rises in the north while Boksa Dongar with 1208 metres height and Astamba Dongar with 1325 meters height rise in the southern

Geology and Geomorphology
The general geological Succession is as below :
Alluvium / Soil
Vsesicular Amygodoloidal Basalt}
Massive Basalt
Few dykes are present in the district . The density of dykes increases towards North.

Climate and Rainfall
Climate of the District is Hot and Dry
Temperature in Centigrade - Maximum - 45o Cn Minimum - 06 C

The Rainfall statistics are as follows :-
Total Rainfall - 395 mm.
Average Rainfall - 592 mm.
Maximum Rainfall - 994 mm.

River Systems and Dams
Dhule District has following rivers alive in only mansoon season. These rivers forms the part of Tapi basin. Tapi river originating from ranges of Gavilgad of Maharashtra is the major river in the District . The Entire region of the district is drained by tributories of Tapi river , which are as below -

Tapi River - Arunavati , Aner , Gomati , Vaki , Bori , Panzara , Kan , Burai , Amaravati , Madari , Bhad , Nagan

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