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Dhubri District

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About the Dhubri district

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/239/download?token=ZpU20pT5

Brief About Dhubri District

History
Assam starts with its south western boundary with the District of Dhubri.The present Dhubri District is one of the three Civil Sub-divisions of erst-while Goalpara district, established in 1876 during British regime. In 1879 the District head quarter was shifted from Goalpara to Dhubri In the year 1983 Goalpara district was divided into four separate districts and Dhubri is one of those.

Covering an area of 2,838 Sq. Kms. including forests, iverines, hills etc. the district has become the most densely populated district in India with a density of 584 persons per Sq. Km.(As per 2001 census).

Agriculture is the main livelihood for majority of the people of the district. As per 1991 census reports, 73.21% of the total work force has taken agro-based activities as means of livelihood. The principal crops are Autumn paddy, Winter paddy, Mustard, Rape seeds, Wheat and Jute. Other than agriculture, a small portion of work-force is engaged in live- stock, forestry, fishery etc., while a very small number is engaged in mining & quarry and in manufacturing and processing units.

Dhubri district is considered to be the most industrially backward district of Assam. The Agricultural as well as natural resource is not satisfactorily exploited for industrial purpose. However, the district could attain an appreciable grade qualitatively in the sphere of Handicraft, such as Terracotta, Pith Crafts, Cane & Bamboo Crafts, Weaving, Jute Crafts etc..

With the backwardness in literacy and in absence of rich-industrial infrastructure the general socio-economic condition of the district is very poor. The economic growth rate of population multiplied by influx problem from across the border is causing severe pressure on agricultural land holding.

Rupshi airport is situated about 15 km away from Dhubri which was constructed during last World WarII by the British Govt. exclusively for millitary operation. Number of private companies operated regular flights (Decota) carrying passengers as well as goods between Calcutta / Dhubri via Jalpaiguri / Coochbehar (WB) after Independence. The Indian Airlines also operated regular air flights between Calcutta / Dhubri.At present the Airport is under the National Airport Authority of India and lying unused.

Dhubri Dist. also withnessed the glorious visit of many of the historical personalities like - Guru Nanaka, Srimanta Sankardeva, Guru Teg Bahadur, Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Gopinath Bordoloi and others. The Dhubri Town had a very busy river port on the bank of the river Brahmaputra which was used as an international trade centre with the eighbouring countries.At present, this port is lying idle.Though the town is connected with railway lines, its importance was decreased when direct line to Calcutta was snapped after partition as the line ran through the erst-while East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh)

The present Dhubri Town was first constituted as a Municipality in 1883. The Dhubri Town is 290 km far from the State Capital at Dispur.The Bench mark of the town is about 34 mts. above sea level.

FLOOD AND EROSION
Flood is a recurring feature of the District which causes extensive damage almost every year.

The South Salmara-Mankachar Sub-Division is worst affected by floods every year, particularly the entire South Salmara revenue Circle and Sukchar areas under Mankachar Circle. Major portion of South Salmara Circle has already been washed away by errosion.

Under Golokganj revenue Circle, Golokganj Town and Pub-Kanuri village are affected by flood and erosion of river Gangadhar.

Bilasipara Sub-Division is mostly affected by flash floods of River Gaurang originating from Bhutan.

Geography
Dhubri District is bounded both by inter-state and international border i.e. West Bengal and Bangladesh in the west, Goalpara and Bogaigoan district of Assam and Garo Hills district of Meghalaya in the east, Kokrajhar district in the north, Bangladesh and state of Meghalaya in the south.

This district is located on the globe between 89.42 to 90.12 degree east longitude and 26.22 to 25.28 degree north latitude. The district is situated at 30 meters above the sea level on average. General topography of Dhubri district is plain with patches of small hillocks like Tokorabandha, Dudhnath, Chandardinga, Boukumari, Boropahar, Chakrasila etc. All these are situated in the north eastern part of the district. Mighty river Brahmaputra is flowing through this district from east to west with its tributaries like Champabati, Gourang, Gadadhar, Gangadhar, Tipkai, Sankosh, Silai, Jinjiram etc.

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